Sex Roles

, Volume 12, Issue 7–8, pp 837–851 | Cite as

The role of sex and family variables in burnout

  • Christina Maslach
  • Susan E. Jackson


Two survey studies were conducted to assess the relationship of demographic variables to the experience of job burnout. Contrary to earlier hypotheses that women are more vulnerable to this form of job stress, the results show that women do slightly better than men. However, this difference is rather small, which suggests that the sex of the employee is not a major factor in burnout. Other results show that employees who were married or who had children experienced less burnout. Job category was also an important predictor. The findings are discussed in terms of sex-role socialization, sex-typed occupations, and social support systems.


Social Support Social Psychology Support System Demographic Variable Important Predictor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christina Maslach
    • 1
  • Susan E. Jackson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeley
  2. 2.University of MichiganUSA

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