Male and female undergraduate raters made attributions of mental disorder, personality traits, and diagnostic and treatment judgments for four case studies in which sex of client and sex-role appropriateness of client behavior were manipulated. Significant interactions of sex-role appropriateness with both client sex and rater sex highlighted the significance of sex-role stereotypes in the attribution of mental disorder by nonprofessionals. The data indicated that these cultural sex-role definitions had the strongest negative effect for females and the female sex role. Implications of these findings for the clinical judgment process and female self-perception are discussed.
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Israel, A.C., Raskin, P.A., Libow, J.A. et al. Gender and sex-role appropriateness: Bias in the judgment of disturbed behavior. Sex Roles 4, 399–413 (1978). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00287292
- Significant Interaction
- Mental Disorder
- Social Psychology
- Personality Trait
- Clinical Judgment