The sex-role egalitarianism scale: A measure of attitudes toward equality between the sexes
- 2.1k Downloads
Two parallel forms of the Sex-Role Egalitarianism Scale (SRES) were developed. Each form includes 19 items representing each of five domains of adult living: marital roles, parental roles, employee roles, social-interpersonal-heterosexual roles, and educational roles. To determine the psychometric characteristics of the scales, 367 persons were tested, including police, senior citizens, business undergraduates, and psychology undergraduates. Reliability estimates for domain and total scores ranged from .81 to .97. Correlations between social desirability and SRES scores ranged from −.03 to +.18. Preliminary evidence of validity was derived from the confirmation of two a priori hypotheses: (a) Women scored more egalitarian than men, and psychology students scored more egalitarian than business students; (b) Both student groups scored more egalitarian than senior citizens and police.
KeywordsSocial Psychology Reliability Estimate Social Desirability Preliminary Evidence Student Group
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Albright, D. G., & Chang, A. F. An examination of how one's attitudes toward women are reflected in one's defensiveness and self-esteem. Sex Roles, 1976, 2, 195–198.Google Scholar
- Beach, D., & Kimmel, E. Attitudes toward women: A comparison study of counselor trainees. Humanist Educator, 1976, 14, 209–220.Google Scholar
- Beere, C. A. Women and women's issues: A handbook of tests and measures. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1979.Google Scholar
- Campbell, D. T., & Fiske, D. W. Convergent and discriminant validation by the multitrait-multimethod matrix. Psychological Bulletin, 1959, 56, 81–105.Google Scholar
- Cronbach, L. J., Gleser, G. C., Nanda, H., & Rajaratnam, N. The dependability of behavioral measurements: Theory of generalizability for scores and profiles. New York: Wiley, 1972.Google Scholar
- Edwards, A. L. The social desirability variable in personality assessment and research. New York: Dryden, 1957.Google Scholar
- Engelhard, P. A., Jones, K. O., & Stiggins, R. J. Trends in counselor attitude about women's roles. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1976, 23, 365–372.Google Scholar
- Goldberg, C. Women's Liberation Scale (WLS): A measure of attitude toward positions advocated by women's groups. JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 1976, 6, 13. (Ms. No. 1187) Google Scholar
- MacDonald, A. P., Jr. Identification and measurement of multidimensional attitudes toward equality between the sexes. Journal of Homosexuality, 1974, 1, 165–182.Google Scholar
- Spence, J. T., & Helmreich, R. L. The Attitudes toward Women Scale: An objective instrument to measure attitudes towards the rights and roles of women in contemporary society. JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 1972, 2, 66. (Ms. No. 153)Google Scholar