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Types and frequencies of Q-variant chromosomes in a Japanese population


The types of Q-variant bands were determined by a combination of numerical designations setting five levels for both the size of bands and the intensity of fluorescence. This scoring system was used in a study of the frequencies of Q variants in 400 Japanese individuals: variant bands were observed in seven specific autosome pairs of Nos. 3,4,13,14,15,21, and 22. The number of variants per individual ranged from 0 to 8, and the mean was 3.83±1.86. The incidence of Q variants according to the types of variant bands was determined in specific chromosomes.

A low frequency of No. 3 chromosome variants and a high frequency of a long Y in males seems to be characteristic for Japanese populations.

Variation in the length of the long arm of Y (Yq) was analyzed in a total of 157 men. The relative length of Yq, which was determined by a ratio of Yq/21q, ranged from 0.98 to 2.27, with an average of 1.56±0.25. The length of pale band Yq11 was relatively constant between individuals, with an average of 0.64±0.08. Therefore, it was clear that the variation in the Yq length was the result mainly of a variation in the length of the brilliant band Yq12. However, a slight tendency for the length of band Yq11 to increase in proportionally to the total length of the Yq was revealed. In this study special consideration was paid to the reliable analysis of Q-band heteromorphism, and the factors or obstacles preventing such analysis have been discussed briefly.

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Yamada, K., Hasegawa, T. Types and frequencies of Q-variant chromosomes in a Japanese population. Hum Genet 44, 89–98 (1978).

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  • Internal Medicine
  • Metabolic Disease
  • Reliable Analysis
  • Japanese Population
  • Special Consideration