Stratigraphic diatom and chemical evidence for acid strip-mine lake recovery

Abstract

Stratigraphic analyses of diatoms and chemical compounds in a sediment core were utilized to investigate the recovery of an acid strip-mine lake in southern Ohio. The chemical stratigraphy suggests that chemical recovery of the lake, defined as the rise and maintenance of water pH at values above 4.5, is a discrete process marked in the core by a sharp rise in the sediment concentrations of metals. The diatom data suggest that biological recovery may occur in stages, beginning at the sediment-water interface. As the lake ages, there is a transition from a community dominated by a single acidophilous species characteristic ofbbenthic habitats to a community composed of many planktonic, epiphytic, and benthic species of primarily alkaliphilous preference. Biological development is not directly correlated with the chemical recovery.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Bennett, H. D.: 1969, Castanea 34, 306.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Black, C. A.: 1965, (ed.) Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2: Chemical and Microbiological Properties. American Society of Agronomy, Inc., Madison, WI.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Bradbury, J. P.: 1975, ‘Diatom Stratigraphy and Human Settlement in Minnesota’, Geol. Soc. Amer. Sp. Paper 171.

  4. Campbell, R. S. and Lind, O. T.: 1969, J. Water Pollut. Contr. Fed. 41, 1943.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Campbell, R. S., Lind, O. T., Harp, G. L., Geiling, W. T., and Letter, J. E.: 1965, ‘Water Pollution Studies in Acid Strip-Mine Lakes: Changes in Water Quality and Community Structure Associated with Aging’, in Symposium on Acid Mine Drainage, Mellon Institute Pittsburgh, PA.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Cleve-Euler, A.: 1968, Die Diatomeen von Schweden und Finnland, J. Cramer, New York, NY.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Digerfeldt, G.: 1972, Folia Limnol. Scand. 16, 1.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Florin, M. B.: 1970, Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 31, 667.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Foged, N.: 1954, Folia Limnol. Scand. 6, 1.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Greenshields, J.: 1973, ‘Algal Flora of Acid Mine Water Impoundments in Tuscarawas County, Ohio with Special Reference to the Bacilariophyta’, M.S. thesis, Kent State University, Kent, OH.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Haworth, E. Y.: 1972, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. 83, 157.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Hustedt, F.: 1938, Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. Bd. 15, 131.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Johnson, M. G., Michalski, M. F. P., and Christie, A. E.: 1970, J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 27, 425.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Jørgensen, E. G.: 1948, K. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. 5, 2.

    Google Scholar 

  15. King, D. L.: Simmler, J. J., Decker, C. S., and Ogg, C. W.: 1974, J. Water Pollut. Contr. Fed. 46, 2301.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Lackey, J. B.: 1938, U.S. Pub. Health Reports 53, 1499.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Lind, O. T. and Campbell, R. S.: 1970, Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 99, 577.

    Google Scholar 

  18. Mayhew, E.: 1978, ‘Plankton Biology of Acid Strip Mine Impoundments’, Ph.D. thesis, Kent State University, Kent, OH.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Meriläinen, J.: 1967, Ann. Bot. Fennici 4, 51.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Patrick, R.: 1977, ‘Ecology of Freshwater Diatoms-Diatom Communities’, in The Biology of Diatoms, D. Werner (ed.), University of California Press, Los Angeles.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Patrick, R. and Reimer, C. W.: 1966, The Diatoms of the United States Exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii, Vol. 1, Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Patrick, R. and Reimer, C. W.: 1975, The Diatoms of the United States Exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii, Vol. 2, Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Richards, J. N.: 1974, ‘Studies of the Phytoplankton and Soil Algae of Two Acid Strip Mine Impoundments in Tuscarawas County, Ohio’, M.S. thesis, Kent State University, Kent, OH.

    Google Scholar 

  24. Riley, C. V.: 1960, Ohio J. Sci. 60, 106.

    Google Scholar 

  25. Riley, C. V.: 1977, ‘Ecosystem Development on Surface Mined Lands’, in Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Recovery of Damaged Ecosystems, J. Cairns, Jr. (ed.), Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg, VA.

    Google Scholar 

  26. Smith, R. W. and Frey, D. G.:1971, ‘Acid Mine Pollution Effects on Lake Biology’, Water Resources Research Center, Indiana University, IC Cad 72-601400.

  27. Stockinger, N. F. and Hays, H. A.: 1960, Kansas Acad. Sci. Trans. 63, 1.

    Google Scholar 

  28. Young, D. C.: 1976, ‘Multivariate Analysis of Diatom Communities Affected by Acid Mine Drainage’, Ph.D. thesis, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Fritz, S.C., Carlson, R.E. Stratigraphic diatom and chemical evidence for acid strip-mine lake recovery. Water Air Soil Pollut 17, 151–163 (1982). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00283298

Download citation

Keywords

  • Stratigraphy
  • Chemical Compound
  • Sediment Core
  • Sediment Concentration
  • Biological Development