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Effects of cement production on the elemental composition of soils in the neighborhood of two cement factories

Abstract

The effects of cement production on the elemental composition of soils in the neighborhood of two cement factories in Nigeria have been investigated using the XRF and PIXE/RBS techniques. The concentration of 21 elements viz:-Mg, Al, Si, P, S, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Sr, Pb, As, Zr, Rb and Br, were determined in about 30 samples. Calcium, P, S, Cr, Ni, Cu and Zn, were found to be relatively enriched in the soils of the cement factory premises. Calcium, a cement marker element, was found to be well correlated with Mg, S, Fe, Ni and Cu in the soils, and inversely proportional to the Si and Ti concentrations. From Ca/Si ratios and enrichment factors of the marker elements, it was found that soil contamination due to cement drops sharply with distance from the factories, and with increasing depth from the surface.

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Asubiojo, O.I., Aina, P.O., Oluwole, A.F. et al. Effects of cement production on the elemental composition of soils in the neighborhood of two cement factories. Water Air Soil Pollut 57, 819–828 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00282945

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00282945

Keywords

  • Calcium
  • Elemental Composition
  • Nigeria
  • Enrichment Factor
  • Soil Contamination