Isolation and characterization of X-linked lethal mutants affecting differentiation of the imaginal discs in Drosophila melanogaster

Summary

Twenty-seven late larval or early pupal lethal mutations were isolated for the X-chromosome, some of which showed structural and/or functional deficiencies of the imaginal discs. The mutants were grouped according to the size and morphology of their discs as follows: 1. discs normal: 18 mutants. 2. discs small: 2 mutants. 3. discs degenerate: 4 mutants. 4. discless: 1 mutant. 5. discs heterogeneous: 2 mutants. Preliminary characterization of the mutants included a study of disc morphology, puparium formation and pupal molt, in vivo and in vitro evagination of the imaginal discs, autonomy of the mutation in the disc tissue (differentiation after transplantation and gynander mosaicism test). Possible relations between disc morphology and the former characteristics are discussed.

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Communicated by L. Alföldi

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Kiss, I., Bencze, G., Fekete, É. et al. Isolation and characterization of X-linked lethal mutants affecting differentiation of the imaginal discs in Drosophila melanogaster . Theoret. Appl. Genetics 48, 217–226 (1976). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00281284

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Keywords

  • Imaginal Disc
  • Lethal Mutant
  • Preliminary Characterization
  • Disc Tissue
  • Functional Deficiency