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Rheumatology International

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 29–33 | Cite as

Platelet involvement in salivary gland inflammation in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome

  • P. Oxholm
  • K. Winther
Originals

Summary

Seventeen consecutive patients under evaluation for Sjögren's syndrome (SS) had a lower lip salivary gland biopsy performed. Using a monoclonal mouse immunoglobulin against human platelet glycoprotein Ib in an indirect immunoperoxidase technique, it was found that platelets accumulate intravascularly in the inflamed salivary glandular areas. Platelets were demonstrated in the interstitial tissue of inflammed salivary glands from two patients. Saliva from 17 consecutive patients with previously well-established primary SS and 11 healthy controls, and blood from 11 of the patients and all controls were then examined for platelets and the platelet-specific release product β-thromboglobulin (β-TG). Platelets were not demonstrated in saliva from patients or controls. β-TG was detected in saliva from five patients (11–150 ng/ml), but in none of the controls. There were no correlations between saliva β-TG levels and saliva secretion rates or plasma β-TG levels. We conclude that platelet release of β-TG into saliva in patients with primary SS most likely is a result of immunoinflammatory reactions in salivary glands. Measurement of β-TG in saliva may be of value in the estimation of disease activity.

Key words

Primary Sjögren's syndrome Platelets Salivary glands β-thromboglobulin 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Oxholm
    • 1
    • 2
  • K. Winther
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratory of Medical Immunology, Department of Medicine TTARigshospitaletCopenhagen NDenmark
  2. 2.Pathological-anatomical InstituteKommunehospitaletCopenhagenDenmark
  3. 3.Department of Clinical Chemistry CLRigshospitaletCopenhagenDenmark

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