Skip to main content

Induced autotetraploidy in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

Summary

In chickpea, out of three colchicine concentrations and two treatment durations used (combinations of 0.25, 0.05, 0.025% colchicine and 4 and 6 h duration), seed treatment with 0.25% for 4 h proved to be the most effective in producing autotetraploids. Colchicine treatment on seedlings failed. The induced tetraploidy was accompanied by larger leaves, flowers, stomata, pollen grains and seeds. Mean percentage stainable pollen and podset were reduced, but some plants had relatively normal meiosis and produced as many pods as the diploid parent, indicating the potential of induced autotetraploids in chickpea improvement.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Bhattacharya SK (1956) Study of autotetraploid Cajanus cajan (Linn.) Millsp. Caryologia 9:149–161

    Google Scholar 

  2. Hagberg A, Ellerstrom S (1959) The competition between diploid, tetraploid and aneuploid rye, theoretical and practical aspects. Hereditas 45:369–416

    Google Scholar 

  3. Hilpert G (1957) Effect of selection for meiotic behaviour in autotetraploid rye. Hereditas 43:318–322

    Google Scholar 

  4. Iyengar NK (1939) Cytological investigations on the genus Cicer. Ann Bot (London) 3:271–306

    Google Scholar 

  5. Kumar LSS (1945) A comparative study of autotetraploid and diploid types of green gram (Phaseolus radiatus L.). Proc Indian Acad Sci 21:266–268

    Google Scholar 

  6. Kumar Sen N, Chedda HR (1958) Colchicine induced tetraploids of five varieties of black gram. Indian J Genet 18:238–248

    Google Scholar 

  7. Ladizinsky G, Adler A (1976) Genetic relationships among the annual species of Cicer L. Theor Appl Genet 48:197–203

    Google Scholar 

  8. Phadnis BA, Narkhede MN (1972) Chromosome behaviour in colchicine induced autotetraploids of Cicer arietinum L. Cytologia 37:415–421

    Google Scholar 

  9. Ramanujam S, Joshi AB (1941) Colchicine induced polyploidy in crop plants. 1. Gram (Cicer arietioum L.). Indian J Agric Sci 9:835–849

    Google Scholar 

  10. Sohoo MS, Athwal DS, Chandra S (1970) Colchicine induced polyploidy in chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.). Theor Appl Genet 40:163–168

    Google Scholar 

  11. Stebbins GL (1950) Variation and evolution in plants. Columbia University Press, Columbia

    Google Scholar 

  12. Thompson MM (1962) Cytogenetics of Rubus 3. Meiotic instability in some higher polyploids. Am J Bot 49:575–587

    Google Scholar 

  13. van der Maesen LJG, Pundir RPS, Remanandan P (1980) The current status of chickpea germplasm work at ICRISAT. In: Proc Int Workshop on Chickpea Improvement. ICRISAT, Patancheru, India, pp 28–32

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Additional information

Approved as J. A. No. 265 by the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)

Communicated by G. S. Khush

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Pundir, R.P.S., Rao, N.K. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. Induced autotetraploidy in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Theoret. Appl. Genetics 65, 119–122 (1983). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00264878

Download citation

Key words

  • Chickpea
  • Colchicine
  • Tetraploids