Chromosome studies of progenies of tetraploid female rainbow trout

Summary

Nine induced tetraploid females were artificially inseminated by UV-irradiated sperm collected from diploid males, in order to induce the gynogenetic development of their ova. Most of the resulting embryos were diploid (or minor aneuploids). Several gynogenetic tetraploids, likely to issue from unreduced ova, were also detected in these progenies. The same females fertilized by normal sperm of diploid males gave a majority of triploids and several pentaploids, while the fertilization by normal sperm of tetraploid males gave rise to a majority of tetraploids and one hexaploid. The same crosses, after the eggs had been heat-shocked to double the maternal genetic contribution, yielded about three-quarters pentaploids and one quarter haploids (normal sperm of diploids), or three-quarters hexaploids and one quarter diploids (normal sperm of tetraploids). These haploids and diploids are likely to result from androgenesis.

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Communicated by R. Riley

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Chourrout, D., Nakayama, I. Chromosome studies of progenies of tetraploid female rainbow trout. Theoret. Appl. Genetics 74, 687–692 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00247542

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Key words

  • Fish
  • Salmonids
  • Polyploidy
  • Gynogenesis