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Factors affecting anther culturability of recalcitrant barley genotypes

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One major problem encountered with cereal anther culture is that some genotypes are low or non-responders to the technique. The objective of this study was to improve anther culture efficiency of recalcitrant barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) genotypes. Reciprocal F1s between the two low responsive cultivars, Morex and Steptoe, were used. These were chosen because doubled haploids (DH) were required from these genotypes for the North American Barley Genome Mapping project. Ficoll 400 at 200 g l−1 in the induction medium significantly increased green plant production compared to four other media formations containing different gelling/viscosity modifying agents. Cold pretreatment of donor spikes of 28 vs 14 d resulted in an increase in embryoid, total plant and green plant production. Anther culture response in these experiments was little influenced by donor plant growth conditions. Indole-3-acetic acid (1 mg l−1) or 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (2 mg l−1) in the induction medium did not affect anther culturability or plant regeneration. Based on this research, the negative genotypic effect for doubled haploid production could be diminished, which is desirable for practical application.

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Indole-3-acetic acid


Linsmaier & Skoog


1-naphthaleneacetic acid


doubled haploid


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Communicated by G. C. Phillips

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Devaux, P., Hou, L., Ullrich, S.E. et al. Factors affecting anther culturability of recalcitrant barley genotypes. Plant Cell Reports 13, 32–36 (1993).

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