A single infusion of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydro-pyridine (MPTP) into the right internal carotid artery of Macaca mulatta, monkeys resulted in akinesia and rigidity of the contralateral limb. The immunohistochemical study revealed a dramatic reduction in the number of TH-immunoreactive cells in the substantia nigra of the infused side (70–81%). After unilateral MPTP-treatment movement parameters and EMG activity were altered; the agonist muscle developed increased EMG activity associated with a shift of antagonist muscle activity. These results confirm that hemiparkinsonian monkeys are a valuable model of parkinsonism which can be useful in studies of movement disorder physiology and therapy of Parkinson's disease.
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Benazzouz, A., Gross, C., Dupont, J. et al. MPTP induced hemiparkinsonism in monkeys: behavioral, mechanographic, electromyographic and immunohistochemical studies. Exp Brain Res 90, 116–120 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00229262
- Dopaminergic neurons
- Mechanographic electromyographic studies