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Efficiency of potato breeding using FDR 2n gametes for multitrait selection and progeny testing

Summary

The objective of this research was to compare the efficiency of the 4x×2x breeding scheme with the traditional 4x×4x method with respect to potato improvement. The basis for such a comparison was the parental value of four 2x and four 4x male parents from the International Potato Center (CIP) as measured by multitrait selection and progeny testing. The 2x parents produced 2n pollen by parallel spindles at anaphase II, which is genetically equivalent to a first division restitution (FDR) mechanism. Both 2x and 4x parents were crossed with four common 4x female parents. Thus, 32 families were evaluated over 2 years at four Peruvian locations. A selection index which considered tuber yield, tuber number, average tuber weight and specific gravity was used for multitrait selection. Three FDR 2x parents had better selection index scores than the 4x parents over the four locations. Estimates of broad-sense heritability for total yield using different number of replications and locations were calculated by using the variance components. The 4x × 2x breeding scheme was found to be better than the traditional 4x × 4x method since fewer replications and locations are required to evaluate tuber yield in 4x × 2x progenies than in 4x × 4x progenies. The FDR 2x parents were also better material than the 4x parents for testing combining ability for tuber yield of the 4x progenitors. This could be the result of the mode of FDR 2n pollen formation. The pollen of FDR 2x parents is more heterozygous, but more homogenous than n pollen from 4x parents.

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Paper from the Laboratory of Genetics. Research supported by the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences; International Potato Center; USDA-CRGO-88-37234 3619, and Frito-Lay, Inc., USA

Communicated by G. Wenzel

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Ortiz, R., Peloquin, S.J., Freyre, R. et al. Efficiency of potato breeding using FDR 2n gametes for multitrait selection and progeny testing. Theoret. Appl. Genetics 82, 602–608 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00226797

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Key words

  • Selection index
  • Phenotypic correlations
  • Genotypic correlations
  • Heritabilities
  • 4x × 2x crosses