Journal of Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 221–226 | Cite as

Herbicidal activity of hydrolyzed corn gluten meal on three grass species under controlled environments

  • Dianna Lan-Ying Liu
  • Nick E. Christians
  • John T. Garbutt


US Patent No. 5,030,268 discloses that corn gluten meal, the protein fraction of corn (Zea mays L.) grain, can be used as a natural preemergence herbicide. However, corn gluten meal is insoluble in water, and this characteristic renders it difficult to apply as a herbicide. To seek a watersoluble material with more potent herbicidal activity, the phytotoxicity of various samples derived from corn gluten meal and other related crop materials were evaluated by using three different grass species under controlled environments. Greenhouse and growth chamber bioassays showed that the sample of enzymatically hydrolyzed corn gluten meal was more herbicidally active than the corn gluten itself and was highly water soluble. Gluten hydrolysate prepared with bacterial source proteinase had the greatest inhibitory activity to the root growth of germinating seeds. This water-soluble material derived from corn gluten meal had a growth-regulating effect on the root system and can be used as a natural herbicide.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Balogh JC, Anderson JL (1992) Environmental impacts of turfgrass pesticides. In: Balogh JC, Walker WJ (eds) Golf course management and construction—Environmental issues. Lewis Publishers, Chelsea, pp 221–354Google Scholar
  2. Christians NE (1991) Preemergence weed control using corn gluten meal. US Patent No. 5,030,268Google Scholar
  3. Christians, NE (1993) The use of corn gluten meal as a natural preemergence weed control in turf. In: Carrow RN, Christians NE, Shearman RC (eds) International Turfgrass Society Research Journal. Intertec Publishing Corp., Overland Park, pp 284–290Google Scholar
  4. Christians NE, Garbutt JT, Liu DL-Y (1993) Preemergence weed control using plant protein hydrolysate. US Patent No. 5,290,749Google Scholar
  5. Huppatz JL (1990) Essential amino acid biosynthesis provides multiple targets for selective herbicides. In Casida JE (ed) Pesticides and alternatives: Innovative chemical and biological approaches to pest control. Elsevier, New York pp 563–572Google Scholar
  6. Lovett JV (1991) Changing perceptions of allelopathy and biological control. Biol Agri Hort 8:89–100Google Scholar
  7. Lydon J, Duke SO (1987) Progress toward natural herbicides from plants. Herbs Spices Med Plants Dig 5:1–4Google Scholar
  8. Pimentel D (1986) Status of integrated pest management. In Pimentel D (ed) Some aspects of integrated pest management. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, pp 29–68Google Scholar
  9. Snedecor GW, Cochran WG (1989) Statistical methods, 8th ed. Iowa State University Press, AmesGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dianna Lan-Ying Liu
    • 1
  • Nick E. Christians
    • 1
  • John T. Garbutt
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of HorticultureIowa State UniversityAmesUSA
  2. 2.Grain Processing CorporationMuscatineUSA

Personalised recommendations