, Volume 40, Issue 1–2, pp 171–179 | Cite as

Geochemical characteristics of elements in suspended sediments in the Huanghe (Yellow) River

  • Qu Cuihui 
  • Chen Chaozi 
  • Lu Yilun 
  • Wang Lizhen 
II. Heavy Metal or Other Contaminant Problems


Eighteen suspended sediment samples were collected along the Huanghe River main stem from upper reaches on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (Tibet Plateau) to the entrance at the Bo Hai Bay and at confluences of its tributaries, during the first summer flood in 1980. Major elements such as Si, Al, Fe, Ca, Mg, K, Na, and trace elements such as As, Ba, Cd, Ce, Co, Cr, Cu, Ga, Hg, Li, Mn, Mo, Ni, P, Pb, Se, Sn, Sr, Ti, V, Zn and humus were examined. Variations in composition of suspended sediments also were studied. Three major types of sediment composition were observed. The controlling factor for the variation is parent rocks, though climate and vegetation played an active role. Correlation coefficients, cluster analysis, and enrichment factors were calculated to study the geochemical characteristics of the sediments. Mg, Na and Fe were the only ones subject to considerable leaching, whereas Se, Cd, Zn were significantly accumulated, indicating a low intensity of weathering.


Cluster Analysis Environmental Management Leaching Humus Sediment Sample 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qu Cuihui 
    • 1
  • Chen Chaozi 
    • 1
  • Lu Yilun 
    • 1
  • Wang Lizhen 
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of GeographyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeoples Republic of China

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