, Volume 40, Issue 1–2, pp 69–72 | Cite as

Human impacts on Laguna de Bay, Philippines and management strategies for their mitigation

  • Guerrero Rafael D. III
I. General Impacts of Human Population Growth on Inland Waters (b) Philippines, Malaysia, New Zealand, Australia


Laguna de Bay is the largest lake in the Philippines bordering metropolitan Manila, the nation's capital and the industrial hub of the country. As a multiple-use resource the lake is of prime importance for its fisheries, as a transport route and as a water source for the cooling of industrial plants and for irrigation. The lake is also envisaged to supply the domestic water needs of the basin in the year 2000. With rapid urbanization, industrial development and deforestation of its watershed, Laguna de Bay has been stressed with sedimentation, overexploitation of its fisheries and pollution. Various management strategies have been adopted by government to address such human impacts. Among the major programs are the installation of a hydraulic control structure, implementation of a zoning and management plan and the formulation of a master plan. There is need for an integrated approach for the management of the Laguna de Bay basin for its sustainable development.


Sedimentation Sustainable Development Management Strategy Water Source Management Plan 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Barril, C. R., Madamba, L. S. P.; Tumlos, E. T.: Water quality of Laguna de Bay: Status and trends. Kimika 10, 25–33 (1994).Google Scholar
  2. Davies, J.: Management of Laguna de Bay, Philippines, Naga, The ICLARM Quarterly 11(12), 10–11 (1989).Google Scholar
  3. Laguna Lake Development Authority (LLDA): Registration of small fishermen, lakeshore farmers and livestock raisers in the Laguna de Bay Region (1992).Google Scholar
  4. Laguna Lake Development Authority.: Laguna de Bay draft master plan. Metropolitan Manila, Philippines, 1995, 143 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Lopez, M. D.: Policy measures and programs in the management of Laguna de Bay. Paper presented at the Philippine National Science Society Regional Seminar: Towards a Productive and Stable Ecosystems. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines 1985.Google Scholar
  6. Metropolitan Environmental Improvement Programme (MEIP): Economic valuation of impacts of environmental degradation in Laguna Lake: Phase I. World Bank/UNDP (1994).Google Scholar
  7. Santos-Borja, A. C.: Water quality management of Laguna de Bay. Paper presented at the Symposium on Inland Aquatic Environmental Stress Monitoring. SEAMEO-BIOTROP, Bogor, Indonesia 1990.Google Scholar
  8. SOGREAH: Environmental assessment of Laguna de Bay, 1991.Google Scholar
  9. Sly, P. G. (ed.): 1992. Laguna Lake basin problems and opportunities — An agrosystem analysis. 338 pp. Environment and Resource Management Project, 338 pp. University of the Philippines at Los Baños and Dalhousie University, 1991.Google Scholar
  10. URS International (URSI): Laguna Lake toxic and hazardous waste management feasibility study. Vols. 1–3. Report prepared for Laguna Lake Development Authority, Manila 1989.Google Scholar
  11. Valerio, A. T.: 1990. Determinants of fishery overexploitation in Laguna Lake for the year 1980–1988. Ph.D. dissertation, 164 pp. University of the Philippines at Los Baños, College, Laguna, Philippines 1990.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guerrero Rafael D. III
    • 1
  1. 1.Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Research and Development Los BariosLagunaPhilippines

Personalised recommendations