, Volume 40, Issue 1–2, pp 9–15 | Cite as

New water quality indices for the era of sustainable development in China

  • Bi J. 
  • Yu C. 
I. General Impacts of Human Population Growth on Inland Waters (a) China, Nepal, Hong Kong, Japan


Considering the concept of cost-of-remediation (COR), water indices such as a quality index, a hazard index and a risk index are established to describe the water pollution in China. Sustainability analysis associated with water pollution is also addressed. The spatial variations of these indices in different provinces and the related reasons are considered. It is obvious that water pollution is mainly caused by the economic development, though economic development does not always bring higher risks.


High Risk Water Quality Economic Development Water Pollution Environmental Management 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bi J. 
    • 1
  • Yu C. 
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of GeographyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeoples Republic of China
  2. 2.Division of Applied SciencesHarvard UniversityMAUSA

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