New water quality indices for the era of sustainable development in China
- 39 Downloads
Considering the concept of cost-of-remediation (COR), water indices such as a quality index, a hazard index and a risk index are established to describe the water pollution in China. Sustainability analysis associated with water pollution is also addressed. The spatial variations of these indices in different provinces and the related reasons are considered. It is obvious that water pollution is mainly caused by the economic development, though economic development does not always bring higher risks.
KeywordsHigh Risk Water Quality Economic Development Water Pollution Environmental Management
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bi, J.: Regional environmental risks: Analysis and management. Ph.D. Dissertation, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China 1994.Google Scholar
- Arrow, K. et al.: Economic growth, carrying capacity, and the environment. Science 268, 520–521 (1995).Google Scholar
- Rogers, P.: Environmental indicators and indices: Assessing resources and financing requirements for enhancing environmental quality in DMC's. Working paper 1 presented for Environmental Systems Program (1994).Google Scholar
- UNEP: Guidelines on risk management and accident prevention in the chemical industry. Nairobi, 1982.Google Scholar
- Travis, C. C. et al.: Cancer risk management. Environmental Science and Management 22(2), 136–142 (1987).Google Scholar
- Wilson, R.; Crouch, E. A. C.: Risk assessment and comparisons: An introduction. Science, 236, 267–270 (1987).Google Scholar