, Volume 40, Issue 1–2, pp 3–7 | Cite as

Spatial and temporal analysis of water pollution in China

  • Tang Y. 
  • Bi J. 
I. General Impacts of Human Population Growth on Inland Waters (a) China, Nepal, Hong Kong, Japan


The relationship between water pollution and economic development, its regional differentiation and its temporal trend is analyzed. With the uneven distribution of water resources, the regional differentiation of water pollution in China is very obvious. Based on the index “RSR (the ratio of sewage to runoff)”, water pollution can be divided into five grades across the whole country. Overall, water pollution is more serious in north and northeast China. On the other hand, economic development level is not the only factor associated with water pollution. As for temporal change, with current economic growth and urbanization, it is impossible that water quality in China will be improved in the near future.


Water Quality Water Resource Economic Growth Economic Development Sewage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Arrow, K. et al.: Economic growth carrying capacity, and the environment. Science 268, 520–521 (1995).Google Scholar
  2. Bao, Q. et al.: Quantification of realization of environmental protection strategic objectives in 200 years. China Environmental Sciences Press, Beijing 1993.Google Scholar
  3. Hydrology Bureau, Ministry of Water Resources and Electricity: Appraisal of water resources in China, Water Resources and Electricity Press, Beijing 1987.Google Scholar
  4. Spofford, W. O. Jr.: Integrating environmental management and economic development in China, Resources, Spring No. 119 (1995).Google Scholar
  5. Tang, Y.; Zhang, S.: The problems of the control of water quality in economic development of China. Acta Geographica Sinica (in Chinese) 44(3), 302–313 (1989).Google Scholar
  6. Tan, Y.; Zhang, S.: Water quality and its regional differentiation in China, The Journal of Chinese Geography 2(2), 31–42 (1991).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tang Y. 
    • 1
  • Bi J. 
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of GeographyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeoples Republic of China

Personalised recommendations