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Permafrost — and its affects on human activities in arctic and subarctic regions


In polar areas, normal techniques must often be modified at additional costs in construction and maintenance of railroads, buildings, water and sewer lines, oil and gas pipelines, dams, roads, bridges, and airfields because of permafrost. But despite problems unique to the cold regions, development of the permafrost areas will continue at an ever-increasing rate. Humans have already learned to cope with many of the problems, and future improvements in scientific and engineering approaches, plus careful geological site selection and further study of the permafrost problem, will allow successful expansion into polar areas.

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Péwé, T.L. Permafrost — and its affects on human activities in arctic and subarctic regions. GeoJournal 3, 333–344 (1979).

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  • Human Activity
  • Environmental Management
  • Additional Cost
  • Site Selection
  • Engineering Approach