Intraspecific variation of chloroplast DNA in Dioscorea bulbifera L.
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Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of chloroplast (ct) DNAs from 15 accessions of Dioscorea bulbifera collected from Africa and Asia was carried out using the Southern hybridization technique. Eight cloned ctDNA fragments of D. bulbifera and D. opposita, which cover 80% of the total chloroplast genome, were used as the probes to detect variation in ctDNA digested with nine restriction endonucleases. Ten variable sites, located in the large and small single-copy regions, were disclosed among the 15 accessions, of which six showed base substitution and four carried length mutation. Positions of the latter mutations were determined on the physical map of ctDNA. Based on these results, chloroplast genomes of the 15 accessions could be classified into nine types. Their phylogenetic relationships are assumed to be as follows: (1) African and Asian chloroplast genomes diverged from each other at the earliest point in time; (2) E-type chloroplast genome, occurring in the south-east edge of the Asian continent, appears to be the most ancient among all the Asian chloroplast genomes; and (3) four chloroplast genomes, found in Asian insular regions, are probably derived independently from the E-type genome. The discrepancy between the taxonomic relationship and the proposed chloroplast genome phylogeny of the present materials is noted.
Key wordsDioscorea bulbifera L. Chloroplast DNA RFLP analysis Southern hybridization Phylogeny
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