Operational meteorological satellites and utilization of their data by Deutscher Wetterdienst
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The Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD) has been receiving satellite data for 25 years. A new system for the reception of high resolution digital data from METEOSTAT and NOAA was installed in 1988.
After a description of the present global meteorological satellite system and the planning for future systems, information is given on the utilization of satellite data: METEOSAT images are used for weather monitoring and very short range forecasts. In two examples the capability of the imagery is demonstrated to monitor the weather activity of atmospheric fronts and the development of cyclonic storms.
Another section deals with the usage of quantitative data such as seasurface temperatures or atmospheric vertical temperature profiles in numerical weather forecasting. Satellite data are used even in climatological. agricultural-meteorological and environmental studies.
Satellite data have become an indispensable tool for the legal tasks of meteorological services. Furthermore they have an enormous benefit even for other sciences than operational meteorology.
KeywordsSeasurface Temperature Satellite Data Numerical Weather Indispensable Tool Cyclonic Storm
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