Advertisement

Long-term trends in DDT, polychlorinated biphenyls, and chlordane in California Mussels

  • M. D. Stephenson
  • M. Martin
  • R. S. Tjeerdema
Article

Abstract

The California State Mussel Watch program is a long-term monitoring program conducted by the State Water Resources Control Board and the Department of Fish and Game. In a fifteen year time span, from 1977–1992, mussels were collected at 378 stations. From these stations, 47 were chosen to conduct statistical analysis based on the criteria that they had been sampled at least 6 times for total DDTs, total polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and total chlordanes. Declines of total DDTs and chlordanes were noted at approximately half of the stations. Declines of total PCBs were noted at approximately one-quarter of the stations. Declines of PCBs but not DDTs in mussels near Los Angeles County's sewer discharge corresponded to declines of these contaminants in treated effluent.

Keywords

Waste Water PCBs Biphenyl Monitoring Program Chlordane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Cantillo AY, Lauenstein GG (1992) NOAA National Status and Trends Quality Assurance Program Intercomparison Exercise Results. Marine Technical Society, Symposium, October 1992, Washington, DC, 6 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Farrington JW, Goldberg ED, Risebrough RW, Martin JH, Bowen VT (1983) U.S. Mussel Watch 1976–1978: An overview of the trace metal, DDE, PCB, hydrocarbon, and artificial radionuclide data. Environ Sci Technol 17:490–496Google Scholar
  3. Goldberg ED (1975) Synthetic organohalides in the sea. Proc R Soc Lond Biol Sci 189:277–289Google Scholar
  4. Goldberg ED, Bowen VT, Farrington JW, Harvey G, Martin JH, Parker PL, Risebrough RW, Robertson W, Schneider E, Gamble E (1978) The Mussel Watch. Environ Conserv 5:101–125Google Scholar
  5. Goldberg ED, Koide M, Hodge V, Flegal AR, Martin JH (1983) U.S. Mussel Watch: 1977–78 results on trace metals and radionuclides. Est Coastal Shelf Sci 16:69–93Google Scholar
  6. Hayes SP, Phillips PT (1985) California State Mussel Watch Marine Water Quality Monitoring Program 1983–1984. California State Water Resources Control Board Water Quality Report 85-2. Sacramento, CA, 95 pp.Google Scholar
  7. Hayes SP, Phillips PT (1986) California State Mussel Watch Marine Water Quality Monitoring Program 1984–1985. California State Water Resources Control Board Water Quality Report 86-3, Sacramento, CA, 156 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Ladd J, Hayes S, Martin M, Stephenson M, Coale S, Linfield J, Brown M (1983) Trace metals and synthetic organic compounds in mussels from California's Coast. California State Mussel Watch 1981–1983. California State Water Resources Control Board Water Quality Report 83-6, Sacramento, CA, 80 pp.Google Scholar
  9. MacLeod WD, Jr, Brown WD, Friedman AS, Burrows DG, Maynes O, Pearce R, Wigren CA, Bogar RG (1985) Standard Analytical Procedures of the NOAA National Analytical Facilty, 1985–1986: Extractable Toxic Organic Compounds, n2d ed, NOAA Technical Memorandum, NMFS F/NWC-92, Springfield, VAGoogle Scholar
  10. Martin M, Crane D, Lew T, Seto W (1980) California Mussel Watch: 1979–1980 Synthetic Organic Compounds in Mussels, Mytilus californianus and M. edulis, Along the California Coast and Selected Harbors and Bays Part II. Water Quality Monitoring Report 80–8. California State Water Resources Control Board, Sacramento, CAGoogle Scholar
  11. Martin M, Castle W (1984) Petrowatch: Petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic organic compounds, and heavy metals in mussels from the Monterey Bay area of central California. Mar Pollut Bull 15:259–266Google Scholar
  12. Martin M, Stephenson M, Smith D, Gutierrez-Galindo E, Flores G (1988) Use of silver in mussels as a tracer of domestic wastewater discharge. Mar Pollut Bull 19:512–520Google Scholar
  13. Mearns A, Matta M, Simeck-Beatty D, Buchman M, Shigenaka G, Wert W (1988) PCB and chlorinated pesticide contamination in U.S. fish and shellfish: A historic assessment report, NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS OMA 39, Seattle, WA, 140 pp.Google Scholar
  14. Muir D, Norstrom RJ, Simon M (1988) Organochlorine contaminants in Arctic marine food chains: Accumulation of specific polychlorinated biphenyls and chlordane-related compounds. Environ Sci Technol 22:1071–1079Google Scholar
  15. NOAA (1988) National Status and Trends Program for Marine Environmental Quality Progress Report: A Summary Of Data on Tissue Contamination From the First Three Years (1986–1988) of the Mussel Watch Project, NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS OMA 49, Rockville, MD, 123 ppGoogle Scholar
  16. Phillips DJH (1976) The common mussel Mytilus edulis as an indicator of pollution by zinc, cadmium, lead, and copper. I. Effects of the environmental variables on uptake of metals. Mar Biol 38:59–69Google Scholar
  17. Phillips DJH (1980) Quantitative Aquatic Biological Indicators. Barking. Applied Science Publishers, London, 488 ppGoogle Scholar
  18. Phillips PT (1988) California State Mussel Watch: Ten-year data summary 1977–1987, Water Quality Monitoring Report 87–3. California State Water Resources Control Board, Sacramento, CA, 313 pp.Google Scholar
  19. Rasmussen D (1994) State Mussel Watch Program Data Report 1987–1993. State Water Resources Control Board Water Quality Report 94-1 WQ. Sacramento, CA, 303 ppGoogle Scholar
  20. Risebrough RW, de Lappe BW, Letterman EF, Lane JL, Firestone-Gillis M, Springer AS, Walker II W (1980) California Mussel Watch: 1977–1978, Vol. III, Organic Pollutants in Mussels, Mytilus californianus and M. edulis, along the California Coast. Water Quality Monitoring Report 79–22. California State Water Resources Control Board, Sacramento, CA, 108 ppGoogle Scholar
  21. Sloan R (ed.) (1987) Toxic substances in fish and wildlife: Analyses since May 1, 1982. Volume 6. Technical Report 87–4 (BEP). Albany, NY: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Fish and Wildlife, 182 ppGoogle Scholar
  22. Smith DR, Stephenson MD, Flegal AR (1986) Trace metals in mussels transplanted to San Francisco Bay. Environ Toxicol Chem 5:129–138Google Scholar
  23. Stephenson MD, Coale SL, Martin M, Martin JH (1980) California Mussel Watch 1979–1980. Trace metal concentrations in the California Mussel, Mytilus californianus, and the Bay Mussel, M. edulis, along the California Coast and selected harbors and bays. Part 1. State Water Resources Control Board Water Quality Monitoring Report 80-8. Sacramento, CA, 94 pp.Google Scholar
  24. USFDA (1975) Pesticide Analytical Manual, Vol. 1: Methods which detect multiple residues, Sect 232. US Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, MD, 453 ppGoogle Scholar
  25. Wilkinson L (1989) Systat: The System for Statistics. Evanston, IL, Systat Inc, 638 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. D. Stephenson
    • 1
  • M. Martin
    • 2
  • R. S. Tjeerdema
    • 3
  1. 1.California Department of Fish and GameMoss Landing Marine LaboratoriesMoss LandingUSA
  2. 2.California Department of Fish and GameMontereyUSA
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Institute of Marine SciencesUniversity of CaliforniaSanta CruzUSA

Personalised recommendations