Skip to main content

Organochlorine insecticide and PCB residues in two bat species from four localities in Spain

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Clark D R, Kroll J C (1977) Effects of DDE on experimental poisoned free-tailed bats (Tadarida brasiliensis): lethal brain concentrations. J Toxicol Environ Hlth 3: 893–901.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Clark D R, La Val R K, Swineford D M (1978) Dieldrin-induced mortality in an endangered species, the gray bat (Myotis grisescens) Science 199: 1357–1359.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Clark D R, Kunz T H, Kaiser T H (1978) Insecticides applied to a nursey colony of little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus): lethal concentrations in brain tissues. J Mammal 59: 84–91.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Clark D R (1981b) Death in bats from DDE, DDT or dieldrin: diagnosis via residues in carcass fat. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 26: 367–374.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Clark D R, Stafford C J (1981) Effects of DDE and PCB (Arochlor 1260) on experimentally poisoned female little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus): lethal brain concentrations. J Toxicol Environ Health 7: 925–934.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Geluso K N, Altenbach J S, Wilson D E (1976) Bat mortality: pesticide poisoning and migratory stress. Science 194: 184–186.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Frank H, Nagel A, Weigold H (1980) Bestandsentwicklung der in Höhlen überwinternden Fledermaüse auf der Schwäbischen Alb. Die Höhle 31:111–116.

    Google Scholar 

  8. González 877–01 J, Fernández M A, Hernández L M (1991) Levels of chlorinated insecticides, total PCBs and PCB congeners in Spanish gull eggs. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 20: 343–348.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Hernández L M, González 877–02 J, Rico 877–03 C, Fernández M A, Aranda A (1988) Organochlorine and heavy metal residues in Falconiforme and Ciconiforme eggs (Spain). Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 40: 86–93.

    Google Scholar 

  10. ICONA (1986) Lista Roja de los vertebrados en Espana Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación, Madrid, p 222.

  11. Jefferies D J (1976) Organochlorine insecticide residues in british bats and their significance. J Zool 166:245–263.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to L. M. Hernández.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Hernández, L.M., Ibáñez, C., Fernández, M.A. et al. Organochlorine insecticide and PCB residues in two bat species from four localities in Spain. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 50, 871–877 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00209952

Download citation

Keywords

  • Waste Water
  • Water Management
  • Water Pollution
  • Organochlorine Insecticide