Skip to main content

Comparative assessment of two solid-phase toxicity bioassays: The direct sediment toxicity testing procedure (DSTTP) and the microtox® solid-phase test (SPT)

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Brouwer H, Murphy TP, McArdle L (1990) A sediment-contact bioassay with Photobacterium phosphoreum. Environ Toxicol Chem 1353–1358

  2. Dutka BJ, Jurkovic A, McInnis R, Kwan KK, Taylor C (1991) Ninth River Bioassay Study. NWRI Contribution No. 91-73

  3. Dutka BJ, Kwan KK, Rao SS, Jurkovic A, McInnis R (1991) Use of Bioassays to Evaluate River Water and Sediment Quality. Environ Toxic Water Qual 6: 309–327

    Google Scholar 

  4. Giesy John P, Graney Robert L, Newsted John L, Rosiu Cornell J, Benda Ann (1987) Comparison of three sediment bioassay methods using Detroit River sediments. Environ Toxicol Chem 7:483–498

    Google Scholar 

  5. Hoke RA, Prater BL (1980) Relationship of percent mortality of four species of aquatic biota from 96-hour sediment bioassays of five Lake Michigan harbours and elutriate chemistry of ten sediments. Bull Environ Contain Toxicol 25: 394–399

    Google Scholar 

  6. Kwan KK (1989) Testing of coloured samples for toxicity by the algal-ATP Bioassay microplate technique. Environ Pollut 60: 47–53

    Google Scholar 

  7. Kwan KK, Dutka BJ (1990) Simple two-step sediment extraction procedure for use in genotoxicity and toxicity bioassays. Toxic Assess 5:395–404

    Google Scholar 

  8. Kwan KK, Dutka BJ (1992a) Evaluation of Toxi-Chromotest Direct Sediment Toxicity Testing Procedure and Microtox Solid-Phase Testing Procedure. Bull Environ Contain Toxicol 49:656–662

    Google Scholar 

  9. Kwan KK, Dutka BJ (1992b) A Novel Bioassay Approach: Direct Application of the Toxi-Chromotest and the SOS-Chromotest to Sediments. Environ Toxic Water Qual: 7: 49–60

    Google Scholar 

  10. Kwan KK (1993). Technical methods section: Direct solid phase toxicity testing procedure. Environ Toxic Water Qual 8: 345–350

    Google Scholar 

  11. Microtox Manual. (1992) A Toxicity Testing Handbook. Microbics Corporation, 2232 Rutherford Road, Carsbad, CA 92008–8883

    Google Scholar 

  12. Odum EP, Finn JT, Franz EH (1989) Perturbation theory and the subsidy-stress gradient. BioSci 29: 349–52

    Google Scholar 

  13. Qureshi AA, Coleman RN, Paran JH (1984) Evaluation and refinement of the Microtox test for the use in toxicity screening. Vol 1. Toxicity Screening Procedures Using Bacterial Systems, ed. by Dickson Liu and Bernard J Dutka Marcel Dekker Inc., New York and Basel, Inc.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Ribo JM, Zaruk BM, Hunter H, Klaus Kaiser (1985) Microtox toxicity test results for water samples from the Detroit River. J. Great Lake Res. 11: 297–304

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kwan, K.K., Dutka, B.J. Comparative assessment of two solid-phase toxicity bioassays: The direct sediment toxicity testing procedure (DSTTP) and the microtox® solid-phase test (SPT). Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 55, 338–346 (1995).

Download citation


  • Toxicity
  • Waste Water
  • Water Management
  • Water Pollution
  • Testing Procedure