Skip to main content
Log in

Ozone uptake in the sun and shade crown of spruce: quantifying the physiological effects of ozone exposure

  • Published:
Trees Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Summary

The uptake of air pollutants depends both on pollutant concentration and on stomatal conductance. This paper deals with the uptake of ozone (O3) from the air into the needles of Norway spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst.] under ambient climatic conditions. Regulation of O3 uptake by the stomata is shown and also the difference between the “physiologically active O3 concentration” and the O3 concentration of the ambient air. Data from the sun and shade crown of spruce trees at 1000 m a.s.l. are presented. Analysis of data from three vegetation periods has shown that at low ambient O3 concentrations the O3 uptake is largely regulated by stomatal conductance. Water vapour pressure deficit (VPD) of the atmosphere is the climatic factor which showed the highest positive correlation with O3 concentration. However, a high leaf-air VDP led to stomatal closure, thus reducing the O3 uptake in the needles despite high O3 concentrations in the ambient air. The potential O3 stress caused by high O3 concentrations can be strongly mitigated by this natural closing of the stomata and the simultaneous occurrence of moderate drought stress.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Chappelka AH, Chevone BI (1992) Tree responses to ozone. In: Lefohn AS (ed) Surface level ozone exposures and their effects on vegetation. Lewis, Chelsea, MI, pp 271–324

    Google Scholar 

  • Coyne PI, Bingham GE (1982) Variation in photosynthesis and stomatal conductance in an ozone-stressed ponderosa pine stand: light response. For Sci 28: 257–273

    Google Scholar 

  • Davis DD, Wood WA (1973) The influence of environmental factors on the sensivitiy of Virginia pine to ozone. Phytopathology 63: 371–376

    Google Scholar 

  • Dobson MC, Taylor G, Freer-Smith PH (1990) The control of ozone uptake by Picea abies (L.) Karst. and P. sitchensis (Bong.) Carr. during drought and interacting effects on shoot water relations. New Phytol 116: 465–474

    Google Scholar 

  • Edwards PJ, Wood F, Kochenderfer JN (1991) Characterisation of ozone during consecutive drought and wet years at a rural West Virginia Site. J Air Waste Manage Assoc 41: 1450–1453

    Google Scholar 

  • Esterbauer H, Grill D, Welt R (1980) Der jahreszeitliche Rhythmus des Ascorbinsäuresystems in Nadeln von Picea abies. Z Pflanzenphysiol 98: 393–402

    Google Scholar 

  • Fincher J, Alscher RG (1992) The effect of long-term ozone exposure on injury in seedlings of red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.). New Phytol 120: 49–59

    Google Scholar 

  • Freer-Smith PH, Dobson M, Taylor G (1989) Factors controlling the rates of O3 uptake by spruce and beech. In: Bucher JB, Bucher-Wallin I (eds) Air pollution and forest decline. Proceedings of the 14th International Meeting for specialists in air pollution effects on forest ecosystems, IUFRO P2.05, Interlaken, Switzerland, 2–8 October 1988. EAFV Birmensdorf, 1989, pp 407–409

    Google Scholar 

  • Guderian R, Tingey DT, Rabe R (1985) Effects of photochemical oxidants on plants. In: Guderian R (ed) Air pollution by photochemical oxidants. (Ecological studies, vol 52) Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 129–333

    Google Scholar 

  • Häsler R, Savi C, Herzog K (1991) Photosynthese und stomatäre Leit-fähigkeit der Fichte unter dem Einfluß von Witterung und Luftschadstoffen. In: Stark M (ed) Luftschadstoffe und Wald. Verlag der Fachvereine, Zürich, pp 143–168

    Google Scholar 

  • Havranek WM, Wieser G (1990) Research design to measure ozone uptake and its effects on gas-exchange of spruce in the field. In: Payer HD, Pfirrmann T, Mathy P (eds) Environmental research with plants in closed chambers. Air pollution research report 26. Commission of the European Communities, Brussels, pp 148–152

    Google Scholar 

  • Heath RL (1980) Initial events in injury to plants by air pollutants. Annu Rev Plant Physiol 31: 395–431

    Google Scholar 

  • Heck WW (1988) Assessment of the impact of ozone on crop production. Agricultural Research Institute. Proceedings and minutes, 37th annual meeting, 12–14 October 1988, Washington D.C., pp 37–53

  • Heck WW, Dunning JA, Hindawi IJ (1965) Interactions of environmental factors on the sensitivity of plants to air pollution. J Air Pollut Control Assoc 15: 511–515

    Google Scholar 

  • Jensen KF, Roberts BR (1986) Changes in yellow poplar stomatal resistance with SO2 and O3 fumigation. Environ Pollut 41: 235–245

    Google Scholar 

  • Keller T, Häsler R (1987) Some effects of long-term ozone fumigations on Norway spruce. I. Gas exchange and stomatal response. Trees 1: 129–133

    Google Scholar 

  • Kerstiens G, Lendzian KJ (1989) Interactions between ozone and plant cuticles. I. Ozone deposition and permeability. New Phytol 112: 13–19

    Google Scholar 

  • Koch W, Lautenschlager K (1988) Photosynthesis and transpiration in the upper crown of a mature spruce in purified and ambient atmosphere in a natural stand. Trees 2: 213–222

    Google Scholar 

  • Laisk A, Kull O, Moldau H (1989) Ozone concentration in leaf inter-cellular air spaces is close to zero. Plant Physiol 90: 1163–1167

    Google Scholar 

  • Lange OL, Heber U, Schulze ED, Ziegler H (1989a) Atmospheric pollutants and plant metabolism. In: Schulze ED, Lange OL, Oren R (eds) Forest decline and air pollution. A study of spruce (Picea abies) on acid soils. (Ecological studies, vol 77) Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 238–273

    Google Scholar 

  • Lange OL, Weikert RM, Wedler M, Gebel J, Heber U (1989b) Photosynthese und Nährstoffversorgung von Fichten aus einem Waldschadensgebiet auf basenarmem Untergrund. Allg Forst Z 3: 55–64

    Google Scholar 

  • Manderscheid R, Jäger HJ and Schoenberger MM (1991) Dose-response relationships of ozone effects on foliar levels of antioxidants, soluble polyamids and peroxidase activity of Pinus taeda (L.): assessment of the usefulness as early ozone indicators. Angew Bot 65: 373–386

    Google Scholar 

  • Olszyk DM, Tingey DT (1985) Interspecific variation in SO2 flux. Leaf surface versus internal flux, and components of leaf conductance. Plant Physiol 79: 949–956

    Google Scholar 

  • Paffrath D, Peters W (1988) Betrachtung der Ozon-vertikalverteilung im Zusammenhang mit den neuartigen Waldschäden. Forstwiss Centralbl 107: 151–159

    Google Scholar 

  • Pye JM (1988) Impact of ozone on the growth and yield of trees: a review. J Environ Qual 17: 347–360

    Google Scholar 

  • Reich PB (1987) Quantifying plant response to ozone: a unifying theory. Tree Physiol 3: 63–91

    Google Scholar 

  • Rennenberg H (1988) Wirkung von Photooxidantien auf Pflanzen. In: Schulte-Hostede S, Kirchner M, Reuther M (eds) Internationales Symposium “Verteilung und Wirkung von Photooxidantien im Alpenraum” Garmisch-Partenkirchen 11–15 April 1989. GSF Bericht 17/88, pp 360–370

  • Runeckles VC (1992) Uptake of ozone by vegetation. In: Lefohn AS (ed) Surface level ozone exposures and their effects on vegetation. Lewis, Chelsea, MI, pp 157–188

    Google Scholar 

  • Schupp R, Rennenberg H (1988) Diurnal changes in the glutathione content of spruce needles (Picea abies L.). Plant Sci 57: 113–17

    Google Scholar 

  • Showman RE (1991) A comparison of ozone injury to vegetation during moist and drought years. J Air Waste Manage Assoc 41: 63–64

    Google Scholar 

  • Smirnoff N, Colombe SV (1988) Drought influences the activity of enzymes of the chloroplast hydrogen peroxidase scavenging system. J Exp Bot 39: 1097–1108

    Google Scholar 

  • Thompson FB, Leyton L (1971) Method for measuring the leaf surface area of complex shoots. Nature 229: 572

    Google Scholar 

  • Tingey DT, Hogsett WE (1985) Water stress reduces ozone injury via a stomatal mechanism. Plant Physiol 77: 944–947

    Google Scholar 

  • Tingey DT, Taylor GE, Jr (1982) Variation in plant response to ozone: a conceptual model of physiological events. In: Unsworth HM, Ormond DD (eds) Effects on gaseous air pollution in agriculture and horticulture. Butterworth, London, pp 113–138

    Google Scholar 

  • Von Caemmerer S, Farquhar GD (1981) Some relationships between the biochemistry of photosynthesis and the gas exchange of leaves. Planta 153: 376–387

    Google Scholar 

  • Weikert RM, Wedler M, Lippert M, Schramel P, Lange OL (1989) Photosynthetic performance, chloroplast pigments, and mineral content of various needle age classes of spruce (Picea abies) with and without the new flush: an experimental approach for analysing forest decline phenomena. Trees 3: 161–172

    Google Scholar 

  • Wieser G, Havranek WM (1989) The influence of various ozone concentrations on the gas-exchange of Norway spruce in the field. In: Ulrich H (ed) International congress on forest decline research: state of knowledge and perspectives. Friedrichshafen, FRG, 2–6 October 1989, Poster Abstr vol 1, p 211

  • Wieser G, Weih M, Havranek WM (1991) Ozone fumigation in the sun crown of Norway spruce. In: Reuther M, Kirchner M, Kirchinger E, Reiter H, Rösel K, Pfeifer U (eds) Waldschadensforschung im östlichen Mitteleuropa und in Bayern. Proc Expertentagung Schloß Neuburg/Inn bei Passau 13–15 November 1990. GSF-Bericht 24/91, pp 567–573

  • Zimmermann R, Oren R, Schulze ED, Werk KS (1988) Performance of Picea abies (L.) Karst. at different stages of decline. II. Photosynthesis and leaf conductance. Oecologia 76: 523–518

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Wieser, G., Havranek, W.M. Ozone uptake in the sun and shade crown of spruce: quantifying the physiological effects of ozone exposure. Trees 7, 227–232 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00202078

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00202078

Key words

Navigation