Voyager mission description

Abstract

The Voyager Project, managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, involves the lauching of two advanced spacecraft to explore the Jovian and Saturnian systems, as well as interplanetary space. The one-month lauch period opens on August 20, 1977, with arrivals at Jupiter in March and July of 1979, and at Saturn in November of 1980 and August of 1981. Gravity-assist swingbys of Jupiter are utilized in order to reduce the lauch energy demands needed to reach Saturn. In addition, a gravity-assist targeting option at Saturn will be maintained on the second-arriving Voyager for a possible continuation on to Uranus, with arrival in January of 1986. Flight through the Jovian and Saturnian systems will achieve close to moderate flyby encounters with several of the natural satellites, including special flyby geometry conditions for Io and Titan, as well as an Earth occultation of the spacecraft's radio signal by the rings of Saturn. The purpose of this paper is to describe the Voyager mission characteristics in order to establish a framework upon which to better understand the objectives and goals of the eleven scientific investigations which are described in subsequent papers.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Beerer, J. G., Penzo, P. A., and Wallace, R. A.: 1973, ‘Computation and Analysis of Satellite Opportunities for the Mariner Jupiter/Saturn 1977 Mission’, paper presented at the AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Conference, Vail, Colo.

  2. Bourke, R. D., Miles, R. F., Penzo, P. A., Van Dillen, S. L., and Wallace, R. A.: 1972, ‘Mariner Jupiter/Saturn 1977 Preliminary Mission Design’, Paper No. 72-943, presented at the AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Conference, Palo Alto, Calif.

  3. Draper, R. F., Purdy, W. I., and Cunningham, G.: 1975, ‘The Outer Planet Mariner Spacecraft’, Paper No. 75-1155, presented at the AIAA/AGU Conference on the Exploration of the Outer Planets, St. Louis, Mo.

  4. Duxbury, T. C., et al.: 1974, ‘Viewing Phobos and Deimos for Navigating Mariner 9’, J. Spacecraft Rockets, 11, 215–222.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Fimmel, R. O., Swindell, W., and Burgess, E.: 1976, ‘Poineer Odyssey’, NASA SP-349 Revised.

  6. Hildebrand, C. E., Kohlhase, C. E., Dixon, J. F., and Ransford, G. A.: 1973, ‘Mariner Jupiter/Saturn Navigation in the Presence of Massive Planetary Satellites’, paper presented at the AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Conference, Vail, Colo.

  7. Jacobson, R. A., Synnott, S. P., and Dixon, J. F.: 1976, ‘Navigation Accuracy Analysis for the Mariner-Jupiter-Saturn 1977 Mission’, Paper No. 76-833, presented at the Astrodynamics Conference, San Diego, Calif.

  8. Kohlhase, C. E.: 1977, ‘Mariner Jupiter/Saturn 1977 Mission Design Tradeoffs’, Paper No. 77-281, presented at the 13th Annual AIAA Meeting, Washington, D.C.

  9. McKinley, E. L., and Van Allen, R. E.: 1976, ‘Mariner Jupiter/Saturn 1977 Navigation Strategy’, J. Spacecraft Rockets, 13, 494–501.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Michaux, C. M.: 1975, ‘A Study of the D’ Ring of Saturn’, Advanced Studies Document No. 760–119, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Newburn, Jr., R. L. and Gulkis, S.: 1975, The Foundations of Space Biology and Medicine, Volume I, Chapter 5, ‘Planets and Satellites of the Outer Solar System’, NASA SP-374.

  12. Penzo, P. A.: 1974, ‘Science Objectives and the Mariner Jupiter/Saturn 1977 Mission Design’, Paper No. 74-780, presented at the AIAA Mechanics and Control of Flight Conference, Anaheim, Calif.

  13. Schurmeier, H. M.: 1977, ‘Mariner Jupiter/Saturn 1977 Mission’, presented at Eleventh Space Congress, Canavaral Council of Technical Societies, Cocoa Beach, Fla.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Additional information

Prepared Under Contract No. NAS7-100, National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kohlhase, C.E., Penzo, P.A. Voyager mission description. Space Sci Rev 21, 77–101 (1977). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00200846

Download citation

Keywords

  • Titan
  • Energy Demand
  • Scientific Investigation
  • Radio Signal
  • Subsequent Paper