Skip to main content

Preliminary study of synergism of acid rain and diflubenzuron

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. American Public Health Association (1985) Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. Washington, D.C., APHA

    Google Scholar 

  2. Andersen, SO (1979) Biochemistry of insect cuticle. Ann Rev Entomol 24:29–61

    Google Scholar 

  3. Clements, AN (1992) The Biology of Mosquitoes, Vol 1. Chapman and Hall, London

    Google Scholar 

  4. Eisler, R (1992) Diflubenzuron hazards to fish, wildlife, and invertebrates: A synoptic review. Contaminant Hazard Reviews Report 25 US Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC

  5. Grosscurt, AC & Jongsma, B (1987) Mode of action and insecticidal properties of diflubenzuron. In: JE Wright and A Retnakaran (eds) Chitin and Benzoylphenylureas. Dr W Junk, Pergamon Press, p 75

  6. Hall, RF, Likens GE, Fiance SB & Hendrey GR (1980) Experimental acidification of a stream in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Ecology 6:976–89

    Google Scholar 

  7. Jackson, SD (1990) Demography, migratory patterns and affects of pond chemistry on two syntopic mole salamanders, Ambiostoma jeffersoni & A. maculatum. Masters Thesis, Dept of Fisheries and Wildlife Sci, Univ of Massachusetts, Amherst

    Google Scholar 

  8. Kramer, KJ, Dziadik-Turner C, & Koga D (1985) Chitin metabolism in insects. In: GA Kerkut & LI Gilbert (eds) Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, vol 3. Pergamon Press, Oxford, p 75

    Google Scholar 

  9. Sutcliffe, DW & Hildrew AG (1989) Invertebrate communities in acid streams. In: Morris, R, EW Taylor, DJA Brown and JA Brown (eds) Acid Toxicity and Aquatic Animals. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p 13

    Google Scholar 

  10. US Environmental Protection Agency (1985) Pesticide Fact Sheet: Diflubenzuron. #68 US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC

    Google Scholar 

  11. Zischke, JA, Arthur JW, Nordlie KJ, Hermanutz RO, Standen DA & Henry TP (1983) Acidification effects on macroinvertebrates and fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) in outdoor experimental channels. Water Res 17:47–63

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Martin, P.J.S., Clark, J.M. & Edman, J.D. Preliminary study of synergism of acid rain and diflubenzuron. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 54, 833–836 (1995).

Download citation


  • Waste Water
  • Water Management
  • Water Pollution
  • Acid Rain
  • Diflubenzuron