This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Ackman RG, Heras H (1992) Tainting by short-term exposure of Atlantic salmon to water soluble petroleum hydrocarbons. In: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Arctic and Marine Oil Spill Program Technical Seminar, Edmonton, Alberta. Technology Development Directorate, Environmental Protection Service, Environment Canada, Ottawa, p 757
Andelman JB, Snodgrass JE (1974) Incidence and significance of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in the water environment. Crit Rev Environ Contam 4:69–83
Clark RC, McLeod WD (1977) Inputs, transport mechanisms, and observed concentrations of petroleum in the marine environment. In: Malins DC (ed) Effects of Petroleum on Arctic and Subarctic Marine Environments and Organisms, vol 1. Academic Press, New York, p 91
Ernst RJ, Ratnayake WMN, Farqhuarson TE, Ackman RG, Tidmarsh WG (1987) Tainting of finfish by petroleum hydrocarbons. Environmental Studies Research Series, Report No 080, Ottawa, 150pp
Heras H, Ackman RG, Macpherson EJ (1992) Tainting of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) by petroleum hydrocarbons during a short-term exposure. Mar Pollut Bull 24:310–315
Heras H, Zhou S, Ackman RG (1993) Uptake and depuration of petroleum hydrocarbons by Atlantic salmon: effect of different lipid levels. In: Proceedings of the Sixteenth Arctic and Marine Oil Spill Program (AMOP) Technical Seminar, Calgary, Alberta. Technology Development Directorate, Environmental Protection Service, Environment Canada, Ottawa, p 343
Murray DAJ (1979) Rapid micro extraction procedure for analyses of trace amounts of organic compounds in water by gas chromatography and comparisons with macro extraction methods. J Chromatogr 177:135–140.
Murray DAJ, Lockhart WL, Webster GRB (1984) Analysis of the water-soluble fraction of crude oils and petroleum by gas chromatography. Oil Petrochem Pollut 2:39–46
Parrish CC, Bodennec G, Macpherson EJ, Ackman RG (1992) Seawater fatty acids and lipid classes in an urban and a rural Nova Scotia inlet. Lipids 27:651–655
Rice SD, Short JW, Karwen JF (1977a) Comparative oil toxicity and comparative animal sensitivity. In: Wolfe DA (ed) Fate and Effects of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Marine Ecosystems and Organisms. Pergamon Press, New York, p 78
Rice SD, Thomas DL, Short JW (1977b) Effect of petroleum hydrocarbons on breathing and coughing rates and hydrocarbon uptake-depuration of pink salmon fry. In: Vernberg JF, Calabrese A, Thurberg RP, Vernberg WB (eds) Physiological Responses of Marine Biota to Pollutants. Academic Press, New York, p 259
Siron R, Giusti G (1990) Hydrocarbon pollution in particle-rich waters (Gulf of Fos-sur-mer): comparative study of extraction procedures. Mar Chem 30:379–388
Zhou S, Ackman RG (1994) Deposition sites for hydrocarbons in Atlantic salmon muscle tissue. In: Proceedings of the Seventeenth Arctic and Marine Oil Spill Program (AMOP) Technical Seminar, Vancouver, British Columbia. Technology Development Directorate, Environmental Protection Service, Environment Canada, Ottawa, p 479
Zhou S, Heras H, Ackman RG (1994) Preparation and characterization of a water-soluble fraction of crude oil by a Karr reciprocating-plate countercurrent extraction column. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 26:527–555
About this article
Cite this article
Heras, H., Zhou, S. & Ackman, R.G. Plastic bags for stable storage of the water-soluble fraction of crude petroleum used in aquatic environment toxicity and tainting studies. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 55, 597–602 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00196041
- Waste Water
- Water Management
- Water Pollution