Skip to main content

Toxic elements and organochlorines in Harbor seals (Phoca vitulina richardsi), Kodiak, Alaska, USA

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Anas RE (1974a) Heavy metals in the northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus) and harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardsi). US Natl Mar Fish Serv Bull 72:133–137

    Google Scholar 

  2. Anas RE (1974b) DDT plus PCB's in blubber of harbor seals. Pestic Monit J 8:12–14.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Anas RE, Wilson Jr. AJ (1970) Organochlorine pesticides in fur seals. Pestic Monit J 3:198–200

    Google Scholar 

  4. Braham HW, Everitt RD, Rugh DJ (1980) Northern sea lion population decline in the eastern Aleutian Islands. J Wildl Manage 44:25–33

    Google Scholar 

  5. Delong RL, Gilmartin WG, Simpson JG (1973) Premature births in California sea lions: association with high organochlorine pollutant residue levels. Science 181:1168–1170

    Google Scholar 

  6. Eisler R (1986) Polychlorinated biphenyl hazards to fish, wildlife, and invertebrates: a synoptic review. US Fish Wildl Serv Biol Rep 85

  7. Galster WR, Burns J (1972) Accumulation of pesticides in Alaskan marine mammals. Proc Alaska Sci Conf 23:50

    Google Scholar 

  8. Goldblatt CJ, Anthony RG (1983) Heavy metals in northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus) from the Pribilof Islands, Alaska. J Environ Qual 12:478–482

    Google Scholar 

  9. Haseltine SD, Heinz GH, Reichel WL, Moore JF (1981) Organochlorine and metal residues in eggs of waterfowl nesting on islands in Lake Michigan off Door County, Wisconsin, 1977–78. Pestic Monit J 15:90–97

    Google Scholar 

  10. Krynitsky AJ (1987) Preparation of biological tissue for determination of arsenic and selenium by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Anal Chem 59:1884–1886

    Google Scholar 

  11. MARC (1980) Environmental hazards of heavy metals: summary evaluation of lead, cadmium, and mercury. MARC Report 20. Monitoring and Assessment Research Center, Chelsea College, Univ. London, London

    Google Scholar 

  12. Pitcher KW (1986) Variations in blubber thickness of harbor seals in southern Alaska. J Wildl Manage 50 (3):463–466

    Google Scholar 

  13. Pitcher KW, Calkins DG (1979) Biology of the harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardsi) in the Gulf of Alaska. US Dept Commerce, NOAA, OCSEAP Fnl Rpt 19(1983):231–310

    Google Scholar 

  14. Ramprashad F, Ronald K (1977) A surface preparation study on the effect of methylmercury on the sensory hair cell population in the cochlea of the harp seal (Pagophilus groenlandicus Erxleben, 1977) Can J Zool 55:223–230

    Google Scholar 

  15. Reijnders PJH (1980) Organochlorine and heavy metal residues in harbour seals from the Wadden Sea and their possible effects on reproduction. Neth J Sea Res 14:30–65

    Google Scholar 

  16. Ronald K, Tessaro SV, Uthe JF, Freeman HC, Frank R (1977) Methylmercury poisoning in the harp seal (Pagophilus groenlandicus). Sci Tot Environ 8:1–11

    Google Scholar 

  17. van de Ven WSM, Koeman JH (1979) Mercury and selenium in wild and experimental seals. Chemosphere 8:539–555

    Google Scholar 

  18. Wagemann R, (1989) Comparison of heavy metals in two groups of ringed seals (Phoca hispida) from the Canadian Arctic. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 46:1558–1563

    Google Scholar 

  19. Wagemann R, Muir DCG (1984) Concentrations of heavy metals in marine mammals of northern waters: overview and evaluation. Can Tech Rpt Fish & Aquat Sci 1279

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to A. Keith Miles.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Miles, A.K., Calkins, D.G. & Coon, N.C. Toxic elements and organochlorines in Harbor seals (Phoca vitulina richardsi), Kodiak, Alaska, USA. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 48, 727–732 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00195994

Download citation

Keywords

  • Waste Water
  • Water Management
  • Water Pollution
  • Toxic Element
  • Harbor Seal