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Processing of unilateral and bilateral auditory inputs by the ON1 and L1 interneurons of the cricket Acheta domesticus and comparison to other cricket species

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Abstract

  1. 1.

    When tested with legphone stimulation at 5 and 16 kHz, two prothoracic low-frequency neurons', ON1 and L1 of Acheta domesticus females, receive mainly excitation from one side (soma-ipsilateral in ON1, soma-contralateral in L1) and inhibition from the opposite side as is described for other cricket species (Figs. 2,3). While thresholds at 5 kHz are similar in L1 and ON1, L1 receives 16 kHz excitation with a 15- 20 dB higher threshold (lower than in other cricket species) than ON1. Stimulation of L1 with lower intensity 16 kHz sound on the side of its major input results in a clear IPSP visible in dendritic recordings (Figs. 3,4). In L1 and ON1 the intensity response at 16 kHz rises steeper than that at 5 kHz.

  2. 2.

    The most sensitive auditory low-frequency receptors recorded have similar thresholds as ON1 and L1 at 5 kHz. Responses of the most sensitive auditory high-frequency receptors recorded show an intensity dependence which is similar to that of ON1 at 16 k Hz (Fig. 1C).

  3. 3.

    Results of two-tone experiments show a tuning of inhibition in ON1 and L1 which is similar to excitatory tuning of ON1 (Fig. 4), however with about 10 to 15 dB higher thresholds. In contrast, in Gryllus bimaculatus an exact match between ON1-excitation and ON1/AN1 inhibition has been described.

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Stumpner, A., Atkins, G. & Stout, J.F. Processing of unilateral and bilateral auditory inputs by the ON1 and L1 interneurons of the cricket Acheta domesticus and comparison to other cricket species. J Comp Physiol A 177, 379–388 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00192427

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