This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Caldwell RS, Caldarone EM, Mallon MH (1977) Effects of a seawater-soluble fraction of cook inlet crude oil and its major aromatic components on larval stages of the Dungeness crab, Cancer magister. In: Proceedings, NOAA-EPA Symposium on fate and effects of petroleum hydrocarbons, Pergamon Press, Oxford
Cotta M, Zanzottera D (1986) Crude Dubai oil toxicity on some freshwater invertebrates. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 36:150–158
Couillard Y, Ross P, Pinel-Alloul B (1989) Acute toxicity of six metals to the rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus, with comparisons to other freshwater organisms. Toxicity Assessment. 4:451–462
Dhargalkar VK, Bhosle NB (1987) Hydrocarbons in benthic marine algae of the Vestfold Hills, Antarctica. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 38:313–317
Fernandez A, Ferrando MD, Andreu E (1991) Toxicity of several pesticides to rotifer (Brachionus calyciflorus). Bull Environ Contam Toxicol (in press)
Ferrando MD, Andreu E (1991) Acute lethal toxicity of some pesticides to B. calyciflorus and B. plicatilis Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 47:479–484
Ikeda M, Koizumi A, Kasahara M, Fujita H (1986) Combined effects of nhexane and toluene on norepinephrine and dopamine levels in rat brain tissues after long-term exposures. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 40:481–488
Johnson WW, Finley MT (1980) Handbook of acute toxicity of chemicals to fish and aquatic invertebrates. United States Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service/Resource publication 137. Washington D.C.
Korn S, Hirsch N, Struhsaker J (1977). U.S. Natl Mar Serv Fish Bull 75:633
Morrow JE (1974) Effects of crude oil and some of its components on young coho and sockeye salmon. EPA-660/3-73-018. Washinton, DC
Neff JM, Anderson JW, Cox BA, Laughlin RB, Rossi JRSS, Tatem HE (1976) Effects of petroleum on survival, respiration and growth of marine animals. In: sources, effects and sinks of Hydrocarbons in the aquatic environments: 519–539. American Institute of Biological Sciences, Washington D.C.
Pagano G, Cipollaro N, Corsale G, Esposito A, Giordano GG, Ragucci E, Trieff NM (1988) Comparative toxicities of benzene, chlorobenzene, and dichlorobenzenes to sea urchin embryos and sperm. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 40:481–488
Serrano L, Miracle MR, Serra M (1986) Differential response of Brachionus plicatilis ecotypes to various insecticides. J Environ Biol. 7(4):259–275
Snell TW, Persoone G (1989a) Acute toxicity bioassays using rotifers. I. A test for brackish and marine environments with Brachionus plicatilis Aquat Toxicol 14: 65–80
Snell TW, Persoone G (1989b) Acute toxicity bioassays using rotifers. II. A freshwater test with Brachionus rubens Aquat Toxicol 14:81–92
United States Environmental Protection Agency (1985) Methods for measuring the acute toxicity of effluents to freshwater and marine organisms. EPA/600/4-85/013, Washington, DC, 216pp
Vandermeulen JH, Lee RW (1986) Lack of mutagenic activity of crude and refined oils in the unicellular alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 36:250–253
Verschueren K (1983) Handbook of environmental data on organic chemicals. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, Limited, New York, 1310 p.
About this article
Cite this article
Ferrando, M.D., Andreu-Moliner, E. Acute toxicity of toluene, hexane, xylene, and benzene to the rotifers Brachionus calyciflorus and Brachionus plicatilis . Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 49, 266–271 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00191765
- Waste Water