Skip to main content

Acute toxicity of toluene, hexane, xylene, and benzene to the rotifers Brachionus calyciflorus and Brachionus plicatilis

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Caldwell RS, Caldarone EM, Mallon MH (1977) Effects of a seawater-soluble fraction of cook inlet crude oil and its major aromatic components on larval stages of the Dungeness crab, Cancer magister. In: Proceedings, NOAA-EPA Symposium on fate and effects of petroleum hydrocarbons, Pergamon Press, Oxford

    Google Scholar 

  2. Cotta M, Zanzottera D (1986) Crude Dubai oil toxicity on some freshwater invertebrates. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 36:150–158

    Google Scholar 

  3. Couillard Y, Ross P, Pinel-Alloul B (1989) Acute toxicity of six metals to the rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus, with comparisons to other freshwater organisms. Toxicity Assessment. 4:451–462

    Google Scholar 

  4. Dhargalkar VK, Bhosle NB (1987) Hydrocarbons in benthic marine algae of the Vestfold Hills, Antarctica. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 38:313–317

    Google Scholar 

  5. Fernandez A, Ferrando MD, Andreu E (1991) Toxicity of several pesticides to rotifer (Brachionus calyciflorus). Bull Environ Contam Toxicol (in press)

  6. Ferrando MD, Andreu E (1991) Acute lethal toxicity of some pesticides to B. calyciflorus and B. plicatilis Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 47:479–484

    Google Scholar 

  7. Ikeda M, Koizumi A, Kasahara M, Fujita H (1986) Combined effects of nhexane and toluene on norepinephrine and dopamine levels in rat brain tissues after long-term exposures. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 40:481–488

    Google Scholar 

  8. Johnson WW, Finley MT (1980) Handbook of acute toxicity of chemicals to fish and aquatic invertebrates. United States Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service/Resource publication 137. Washington D.C.

  9. Korn S, Hirsch N, Struhsaker J (1977). U.S. Natl Mar Serv Fish Bull 75:633

    Google Scholar 

  10. Morrow JE (1974) Effects of crude oil and some of its components on young coho and sockeye salmon. EPA-660/3-73-018. Washinton, DC

  11. Neff JM, Anderson JW, Cox BA, Laughlin RB, Rossi JRSS, Tatem HE (1976) Effects of petroleum on survival, respiration and growth of marine animals. In: sources, effects and sinks of Hydrocarbons in the aquatic environments: 519–539. American Institute of Biological Sciences, Washington D.C.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Pagano G, Cipollaro N, Corsale G, Esposito A, Giordano GG, Ragucci E, Trieff NM (1988) Comparative toxicities of benzene, chlorobenzene, and dichlorobenzenes to sea urchin embryos and sperm. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 40:481–488

    Google Scholar 

  13. Serrano L, Miracle MR, Serra M (1986) Differential response of Brachionus plicatilis ecotypes to various insecticides. J Environ Biol. 7(4):259–275

    Google Scholar 

  14. Snell TW, Persoone G (1989a) Acute toxicity bioassays using rotifers. I. A test for brackish and marine environments with Brachionus plicatilis Aquat Toxicol 14: 65–80

    Google Scholar 

  15. Snell TW, Persoone G (1989b) Acute toxicity bioassays using rotifers. II. A freshwater test with Brachionus rubens Aquat Toxicol 14:81–92

    Google Scholar 

  16. United States Environmental Protection Agency (1985) Methods for measuring the acute toxicity of effluents to freshwater and marine organisms. EPA/600/4-85/013, Washington, DC, 216pp

  17. Vandermeulen JH, Lee RW (1986) Lack of mutagenic activity of crude and refined oils in the unicellular alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 36:250–253

    Google Scholar 

  18. Verschueren K (1983) Handbook of environmental data on organic chemicals. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, Limited, New York, 1310 p.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to M. D. Ferrando.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ferrando, M.D., Andreu-Moliner, E. Acute toxicity of toluene, hexane, xylene, and benzene to the rotifers Brachionus calyciflorus and Brachionus plicatilis . Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 49, 266–271 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00191765

Download citation

Keywords

  • Toxicity
  • Waste Water
  • Benzene
  • Hexane
  • Toluene