Estrogens, a group of steroidal sex hormones, were determined in pollen, styles or whole pistils using a highly sensitive and specific radioimmunoassay (RIA) and found to be present at levels between 10−11 and 10−10 g/g FW. In the style of Liliun davidii Duch., the levels of total estrogen decreased after self-pollination of the open flower. After bud pollination, which partly overcame incompatibility, the levels of both estradiol and total estrogen increased. The levels of estradiol and total estrogen in the pistils of Brassica pekinensis Rupr. increased after compatible pollination during the first 3 days following pollination and decreased thereafter when the data were expressed on a FW basis. These results suggest that estrogens are to some extent associated with the reproductive processes.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Amin ES, Paleologou AM (1973) Estrone in Hyphaene thebacia kernel and pollen grains. Phytochemistry 12:899–901
Amin ES, Bassiouny AR (1979) Estrone in Olea europea kernel. Phytochemistry 18:344
Amin ES, Awad O, Samad MAE, Iskander MN (1969) Isolation of estrone from moghat roots and from pollen grains of Egyptian date palm. Phytochemistry 8:295–297
Bennet RD, Ko S-T, Heftmann E (1966) Isolation of estrone and cholesterol from the date palm Phoenix dactylifera L. Phytochemistry 5:231–235
Bhattacharya B, Gupta K (1981) Steroid hormone effects on growth and apical dominance of sunflower. Phytochemistry 20:989–991
Biswas PK, Paul KB, Henderson JHM (1967) Effects of steroids on chrysanthemum in relation to growth and flowering. Nature 213:917–918
Butenandt A, Jacobi H (1933) Über die Darstellung eines krystallisierten pflanzlichen Tokokinins (Thylekinins) und seine Identifizierung mit dem α-Follikelhormon. Hoppe Seyler's Z Physiol Chem 218:104–112
Dean POG, Exley D, Goodwin TW (1971) Steroid estrogens in plants: re-estimation of estrone in pomegranate seeds. Phytochemistry 10:2215–2216
Guan M, Roddick JG (1988a) Comparison of the effects of epi brassinolide and steroidal estrogens on adventitious root growth and early shoot development in mung bean cuttings. Physiol Plant 73:426–431
Guan M, Roddick JG (1988b) Epibrassinolide-inhibition of development of excised, adventitious and intact roots of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum): comparison with the effects of steroidal estrogens. Physiol Plant 74:720–726
Heftmann E, Ko ST, Bennett RD (1966) Identification of estrone in pomegranate seeds. Phytochemistry 5:1337–1339
Helmkamp G, Bonner J (1953) Some relationships of sterols to plant growth. Plant Physiol 28:428–436
Hewitt S, Hillman JR, Knights BA (1980) Steroidal estrogens and plant growth and development. New Phytol 85:329–350
Jones JL, Roddick JG (1988) Steroidal estrogens and androgens in relation to reproductive development in higher plants. J Plant Physiol 133:156–164
Kopcewicz J (1969) Influence of steroids on the growth of dwarf pea. Naturwissenschaften 56:287
Kopcewicz J (1970) Influence of estrogens on flower development in Cichorium intybus L. Naturwissenschaften 57:136–137
Kopcewicz J (1971) Estrogens in developing bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) plants. Phytochemistry 10:1423–1427
Kopcewicz J (1972a) Estrogens in the short-day plants Perilla ocimoides and Chenopodium rubrum grown under inductive and non-inductive light conditions. Z Pflanzenphysiol 67:373–376
Kopcewicz J (1972b) Oestrogens in the long-day plants Hyoscyamus niger and Salvia splendens grown under inductive and non-inductive conditions. New Phytol 71:129–134
Kopcewicz J, Chrominski A (1972) Estrogens in 2-chloroethyl phosphonic acid induced femaleness of Cucurbita pepo L. Experientia 28:603–604
Kopcewicz J, Saniewski M, Rudnicki R (1973) Estrogen-like substances in dormant and cold-treated Hyacinth bulbs (Hyacinthus orientalis L). Experientia 29:1167–1168
Löve A, Löve D (1945) Experiments on the effects of animal sex hormones on dioecioous plants. Ark Bot 32:1–60
Saden-Krehula M, Tajic M, Kolbah D (1971) Testosterone, epitestosterone and androstenedione in the pollen of scotch pine Pinus sylvestris L. Experientia 27:108–109
Saden-Krehula M, Tajic M, Kolbah D (1979) Sex hormones and corticosteroids in pollen of Pinus nigra Ar. Phytochemistry 18:345–346
Simons RG, Grinwich DL (1989) Immunoreactive detection of four mammalian steroids in plants. Can J Bot 67:288–296
Skarzynski B (1933) An oestrogenic substance from plant material. Nature 131:766
Stanley RG, Linskens HF (1974) Pollen, biology biochemistry management. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York
Wang HM, Tsao TH (1986) Isolation and identification of some steroid hormones in the pollen of walnut (Juglans regia) by GC-MS. Acta Phytophysiol Sin 12:218–223
Young IJ, Knights BA, Hillman JR (1977) Estradiol and its biosynthesis in Phaseolus vulgaris L. Nature 267:429
Young IJ, Hillman JR, Knights BA (1978) Endogenous estradiol-17β in Phaseolus vulgaris. Z Pflanzenphysiol 90:45–50
Zhou YC, Tsao TH (1982) Changes in endogenous estrone during flower initiation and sex expression in Labenaria leucantha Ruskby. Acta Bot Sin 24:540–547
About this article
Cite this article
Zhang, JS., Yang, ZH. & Tsao, T.H. The occurrence of estrogens in relation to reproductive processes in flowering plants. Sexual Plant Reprod 4, 193–196 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00190004