, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 339–344 | Cite as

Quaternary evolution of the Abu Quir bay, Egypt

  • Frihy Omran E. 


The Pleistocene/Holocene history of Abu Quir bay and the adjacent shoreline has been studied using textural, petrological and geotechnical information obtained from 33 boreholes. The sedimentary vertical sequence is as follows reading from bottom to top: Late Pleistocene shelf sand and stiff mud, Late Pleistocene/Holocene transgressive sand, Holocene calcareous shelf mud, Holocene nearshore sand, prodelta mud, delta plain lagoonal and marsh mud, delta front mud and sand and coastal sand of beach and dunes. These units are produced as a response to shoreline fluctuation, resulting from a wide variety of deltaic and shelf environments. The study identifies delta lobes of the former Canopic branch which was located in the western part of the bay.


Holocene Pleistocene Egypt Late Pleistocene Delta Front 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anonymous; Geophysical and geotechnical investigations proposed offshore gas production platform A/Q P-2 and connecting submarine gasline, Abu Quir Bay-Egypt. 135 pp., 1981.Google Scholar
  2. Anonymous; Soil report on investigation Abu Quir Harbour, Egypt. 211 pp., 1983.Google Scholar
  3. Anonymous; Soil investigation for constructing small Harbour at Maadia, Abu Quir Bay-Egypt, 37 pp., 1985.Google Scholar
  4. Anonymous; Soil report on investigation P-3 location Abu Quir Gasfield offshore Egypt, 75 pp., 1988 a.Google Scholar
  5. Anonymous; Soil report on investigation NA5-1 location Abu Quir Gasfield offshore Egypt. 73 pp., 1988 b.Google Scholar
  6. Attia, M. I.: Deposits in the Nile Valley and the Delta. 356 pp., Geological Survey, Cairo, Egypt, 1954.Google Scholar
  7. Arbouille, D.; Stanley, D. J.: Late Quaternary evolution of the Burullus Lagoon region, north-central Nile Delta, Egypt. Marine Geology 99, 45–66 (1991)Google Scholar
  8. Butzer, K. W.: On the Pleistocene shorelines of Arab's Gulf, Egypt. Journal of Geology 68, 626–637 (1960)Google Scholar
  9. Coleman, J. M.; Gagliano, S. M.: Cyclic sedimentation in the Mississippi River deltaic plain. Trans Gulf Coast Assoc. Geol. Soc., 14th Annual Conv. Texas 14, 67–80 (1964)Google Scholar
  10. Coutellier, V.; Stanley, D. J.: Late Quaternary stratigraphy and paleogeography of the eastern Nile Delta, Egypt. Marine Geology, 27, 257–275 (1987)Google Scholar
  11. El Askary, M. A.; Frihy, O. E.: Depositional phases of Rosetta and Damietta promontories on the Nile Delta coast. Jour. African Earth Science, 5, 627–633 (1986)Google Scholar
  12. El Bouseily, A. M.; Frihy, O. E.: Textural and mineralogical evidence denoting the position of the mouth of the old Canopic Nile branch on the Mediterranean coast, Egypt. Jour. African Earth Science, 2, 103–107 (1984)Google Scholar
  13. El Fattah, T. A.; Frihy, O. E.: Magnetic indications of the position of the mouth of the old Canopic branch on the northwestern Nile Delta of Egypt. Jour. Coastal Research, 4, 483–488 (1988)Google Scholar
  14. Frihy, O. E.; Stanley, D. J.: MEDIBA Computer listing of Nile Delta sediment borings: Petrological and Radiocarbon-14 Data. Unpublished listing, 49 pp., Smithsonian Inst., Washington, DC 1987.Google Scholar
  15. Frihy, O. E.; El Fishawi, M.; El Askary, M. A.: Geomorphological features of the Nile delta coastal plain: A review. Acta Adriatica, 29, 51–65 (1988)Google Scholar
  16. Misdorp, R.; Sestini, G.: Topography of the continental shelf of Nile Delta. In: Proceedings Seminar on Nile Delta Sedimentology, UNDP/UNESCO, Alexandria 145–161 (1976)Google Scholar
  17. Moussa, A. A.: Study of the bottom sediments of Abu Quir Bay. M.Sc Thesis, 120 pp., Alexandria University, 1973.Google Scholar
  18. Said, R.: The geological evolution of the River Nile. Springer Verlag, New York 1981.Google Scholar
  19. Sestini, G.: Geomorphology of the Nile Delta. In: Proceedings Seminar on Nile Delta Sedimentology, UNDP/UNESCO, Alexandria 12–24 (1976)Google Scholar
  20. Sestini, G.: Nile Delta: a review of depositional environments and geological history. In: Whateley, K. G.; Pikering, K. T. (eds.) Deltas. Sites and Traps for Fossil Fuels. Blackwell Scientific Publications, London Geological Society Special Publication 41, 99–127 (1989)Google Scholar
  21. Sneh, A.; Weissbrod, T.; Ehrlich, A.: Holocene evolution of the northeastern corner of the Nile Delta. Quaternary Research, 26, 194–206 (1976)Google Scholar
  22. Stanley, D. J.: Low sediment accumulation rates and erosion on the Middle and outer Nile Delta Shelf off Egypt. Marine Geology 84, 111–117 (1988)Google Scholar
  23. Stanley, D. J.; Maldonado, A.: Nile Cone; Late Quaternary stratigraphy and sediment dispersal. Nature 266, 129–135 (1977)Google Scholar
  24. Summerhayes, C. P.; Sestini, G.; Misdorp, R.; Marks, N.: Nile Delta, nature and evolution of continental shelf sediments. Marine Geology 27, 43–65 (1978)Google Scholar
  25. Tousson, O.: Les ruines sous-marines de la Baie du Abuquir. Bull. Soc. Roy. Arch. Alexandria 29, 342–354 (1934)Google Scholar
  26. UNDP/UNESCO: Coastal Protection Studies. Final technical Report, Paris 1, 155 pp., 1978.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frihy Omran E. 
    • 1
  1. 1.Coastal Research InstituteAlexandriaEgypt

Personalised recommendations