Skip to main content
Log in

Early and late visual prognosis in solar retinopathy

  • Short Communication
  • Published:
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology Aims and scope Submit manuscript


• Background: Solar retinopathy was observed in a total of 86 eyes of 58 patients following the solar eclipse over Turkey in April 1976. The visual prognosis and the presence of late complications were evaluated at the early and late periods. • Methods: Of the 58 patients, 34 (51 eyes) presented during the first week and came for follow-up examination in the succeeding week, also after 1, 3, 12 and 18 months. After that they were examined at yearly intervals (mean 4.2 years). Twenty-four patients (35 eyes) presented during the period between 1 and 11 years post-eclipse and were followed up for a mean period of 3.4 years. After a period of 15 years, all of the patients were invited for re-examination and nine patients (14 eyes) attended. • Results: The improvement in visual acuity was observed to have taken place mostly during the first 2 weeks to 1 month after the eclipse. Further improvement in visual acuity was not observed in any of the eyes after the 18-month examination. The improvement in visual acuity was more prominent and earlier in the eyes that had visual acuity of 0.2 or better initially. Only the eyes with initial visual acuity equal to or better than 0.4 had a chance to improve their acuity to 10/10. Having observed the 51 eyes for mean period of 4.2 years and the 35 eyes for 3.4 years, no change in visual acuity was observed. Among the total of 86 eyes, 9 were found to have pseudolamellar macular holes. • Conclusion: Correlation was found between initial visual acuity and the funduscopic appearance after the 2nd week. Fluorescein angiography was not found to be a conclusive test in solar retinopathy. No late complications were observed.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.


  1. Duke-Elder S (ed) (1972) System of ophthalmology, vol 14. Mosby, St Louis, pp 885–893

    Google Scholar 

  2. Penner R, McNair JN (1966) Eclipse blindness. Am J Ophthalmol 61:1452–1457

    Google Scholar 

  3. MacFaul PA (1969) Visual prognosis after solar retinopathy. Br J Ophthalmol 53:534–541

    Google Scholar 

  4. Rothkoff L, Kushelensky A, Blumenthal M (1978) Solar retinopathy: visual prognosis in 20 cases. Isr J Med Sci 14:238–243

    Google Scholar 

  5. Dhir SP, Gupta A, Jain IS (1981) Eclipse retinopathy. Br J Ophthalmol 65:42–45

    Google Scholar 

  6. Ridgway AEA (1967) Solar retinopathy. Br Med J 3:212–214

    Google Scholar 

  7. Tasman W, Gladstone GJ (1978) Solar retinitis after minimal exposure. Arch Ophthalmol 96:1368–1369

    Google Scholar 

  8. Ritchey CL, Ewald RA (1970) Sungazing as the cause of foveomacular retinitis. Am J Ophthalmol 70:491–497

    Google Scholar 

  9. Bates WH (1920) The cure of imperfect sight by treatment without glasses. (Solar retinopathy in Manchester area) Trans Ophthalmol Soc 104: 625–628

    Google Scholar 

  10. Jacobs NA, Headon M (1985) Solar retinopathy in Manchester area. Trans Ophthalmol Soc UK 104:625–628

    Google Scholar 

  11. Gardner TW, Ai E, Chrobak M, Shoch DE (1982) Photic maculopathy secondary to short circuiting of a high tension electric current. Ophthalmology 89:865–868

    Google Scholar 

  12. Ham WT, Mueller HA, Ruffolo JJ, Clarke AM (1979) Sensitivity of the retina to radiation damage as a function of wavelength. Photochem Photobiol 29:735–743

    Google Scholar 

  13. Tso MOM, Fine BS, Zimmerman LE (1972) Photic maculopathy produced by the indirect ophthalmoscope. Am J Ophthalmol 73:686–689

    Google Scholar 

  14. Dhir SP, Gupta A, Jain JS (1981) Eclipse retinopathy. Br J Ophthalmol 65:42–45

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Atmaca, L.S., Idil, A. & Can, D. Early and late visual prognosis in solar retinopathy. Graefe's Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 233, 801–804 (1995).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: