Skip to main content
Log in

Status of some finfish stocks in the Chesapeake Bay

  • Published:
Water, Air, and Soil Pollution Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

The Chesapeake Bay is one of the largest and most productive estuaries in the United States. The fish and shellfish harvest in 1979 totaled 284.5 × 106 kg. Although historical measures of stock size are less than optimum, commercial landings and indices of reproductive success indicate declines in several species of anadromous and semi-anadromous finfish. Causes for the declines may be due to point and non-point sources of water pollution, acid deposition or overfishing. The EPA Chesapeake Bay Study identified a number of major environmental problems in the Bay but the exact linkages between environmental problems and fish stocks have not been made.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Anonymous: 1984, Emergency Striped Bass Research Study, Report for 1984, U.S. Dept. of Interior and U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Washington, D. C.

  • Berggren, T. J. and Lieberman, J. T.: 1978, Fish. Bull. U.S. 76, 335.

    Google Scholar 

  • Boone, J. G.: 1985, Estuarine Fish Recruitment Survey, Md. Dept. Nat. Res. Fed. Aid Rept., F-27-R-11, July, 1985.

  • Boreman, John and Austin, H. M.: 1985, Trans. Am. Fish Soc. 114, 3.

    Google Scholar 

  • Carter, W. R.: 1973, Ecological Study of Susquehanna River and Tributaries Below the Conowingo Dam, Md. Dept. of Nat. Res. Fed. Aid Rept. AFSC-I, July 1973.

  • Coutant, C. C.: 1985, Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 114, 31.

    Google Scholar 

  • Creeco, V. A. and Savoy, T. F.: 1985a, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 42, 1649.

    Google Scholar 

  • Crecco, V. A. and Savoy, T. F.: 1985b, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 42, 1640.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cronin, L. E.: 1982, ‘Fisheries of Chesapeake Bay’, in L. E. Cronin (ed.), Report of Workshop on Chesapeake Bay Fisheries Statistics, Ches. Res. Consortium, October 1982, pp. 13–18.

  • Dadswell, M. J., Melvin, G. D., Williams, P. J., and Brown, G. S.: 1984, ‘Possible Impact of Large-Scale Tidal Power Developments in the Upper Bay of Fundy on Certain Migratory Fish Stocks of the Norhtwest Atlantic’, D. C. Gordon and M. J. Dadswell (eds.), Update on the Marine Environmental Consequences on Tidal Power Development in the Upper Reaches of the Bay of Fundy, Can. Techn. Rept. of Fish. and Aq. Sci., No. 1256.

  • EPA: 1983, Chesapeake Bay: A Profile of Environmental Change, U.S. Environ. Prot. Agency, Region 3, Philadelphia, September 1983.

  • Hildebrand, S. F.: 1963, ‘Family Clupeidae’, Fishes of the Western North Atlantic, Sears. Found. Mar. Res., Mem. 1(3), pp. 257–385, 397–442.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hoagman, W. J.: 1981, The Marine Sport Fishery of Virginia for 1979, Va. Mar. Res. Comm. Spec. Mgt. Rept., No. 11, February 1981.

  • Klauda, R. J. and Palmer, R. E.: 1986, Laboratory and Field Bioassay Experiments on Blueback Herring from Maryland Coastal Plain Streams, Md. Dept. Nat. Res. Power Plant Siting Program, Publ. No. PPSP-AD-15.

  • Koo, T. S. Y.: 1970, Chesapeake Sci. 11, 73.

    Google Scholar 

  • Loesch, J. G. and Kreite, W. H.: 1985, Study of Alosa Stock Composition and Year-Class Strength in Virginia, Va. Inst. Mar. Sci. Fed. Aid Rept., AFC 13-1.

  • Mansueti, R. J. and Kolb, H.: 1953, A Historical Review of Shad Fisheries of North America, Md. Bd. of Nat. Res. Ches. Biol. Lab., Publ. No. 97.

  • Mansueti, R. J.: 1961, Chesapeake Sci. 2, 142.

    Google Scholar 

  • Maryland Interagency Working Group on Acid Deposition: 1984, The Potential Effects of Acid Deposition in Maryland, Md. Dept. of Nat. Res. and Health and Mental Hygiene, Annapolis, Md., January 1984, 106 p.

    Google Scholar 

  • McErlean, A. J., Kerby, C., and Wass, M. L.: 1972, Chesapeake Sci. 13, Supplement 555.

  • NMFS: 1984, ‘Marine Recreational Fishery Statistics Survey, Atlantic and Gulf Coasts, 1979 (revised)-1980’, Current Fish. Stat., No. 8322, NOAA-NMFS.

  • NMFS: 1985a, ‘Marine Recreatonal Fishery Statistics Survey, Atlantic and Gulf Coasts, 1981–1982’, Current Fish. Stat., No. 8324, NOAA-NMFS. NMFS: 1985b, ‘Marine Recreational Fishery Statistics Survey, Atlantic and Gulf Coasts, 1983–1984’, Current Fish. Stat., No. 83226, NOAA-NMFS.

  • Price, K. S., Flemer, D. A., Taft, J. L., Mackiernan, G., Nehlsen, W., Biggs, R., Burger, N., and Blaylock, D.: 1985, Trans. Am. Fish Soc. 114, 97.

    Google Scholar 

  • Richkus, W. A. and DiNardo, G.: 1984, ‘Current Status and Biological Characteristics of the Anadromous Alosid Stocks of the Eastern United States: American Shad, Hickory Shad, Alewife, and Blueback Herring’, Phase I: Alosid Mgt. Plan. Atlantic States Mar. Fish. Comm., Washington, D.C.

  • Rotschild, B. J., Jones, P. W., and Wilson, J. S.: 1981, ‘Trends in Chesapeake Bay Fisheries’, Trans. 46th North Am. Wildl. and Nat. Res. Conf., Washington, D.C., October 1981.

  • Schaeffer, J. E., Jr.: 1976, ‘Age and Growth of Spawning Hickory Shad, Alosa mediocris, in Octoraro Creek, Maryland, with Comments on the Present Decline in Population Numbers’, M.S. Thesis, Univ. of Md., College Park, Md. 58 p., unpublished.

  • Schubel, Jr. and Zabawa, C. F.: 1972, Maritime Sediments 8, 32.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stroup, E. E. and Lynn, R. J.: 1963, Atlas of Salinity and Temperature Distributions in Chesapeake Bay 1952–1961 and Seasonal Averages 1949–1961, Ches. Bay Inst. Johns Hopkins Univ., Ref. 63-1, February 1963.

  • Summers, J. K., Richkus, W. A., Ross, R. N., and Ulanowicz, R. E.: 1982, Fish. Res. 1 289.

    Google Scholar 

  • Van Winkle, W., Kirk, B. L., and Rust, B. W.: 1979, J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 36, 54.

    Google Scholar 

  • Weinrich, D. R., Dore, M. E., and Carter, W. R.: 1985, Investigation of American Shad in the Upper Chesapeake Bay, 1984, Md. Dept. Nat. Res. Fed. Aid. Rept. F-37-R, August 1985.

  • Williams, J. B., Smith, T. P., Speir, H. J., and Early, S.: 1983, 1980 Maryland Saltwater Sportfishing Survey, Md. Dept. Nat. Res. Tidewater Admin., Rept. No. TA-CRD-83-1.

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Speir, H.J. Status of some finfish stocks in the Chesapeake Bay. Water Air Soil Pollut 35, 49–62 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00183843

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00183843

Keywords

Navigation