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Intervertebral disc calcification in childhood

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Summary

Nine children with calcified intervertebral discs are described. Seven were boys and 2 were girls. The average age at diagnosis was 8.6 years (range 5 to 14 years). Follow up was from 2 to 10 years. Only one child gave a history of trauma. In all twelve discs were involved with more than one disc being affected in 2 children; there were 7 in the cervical spine, 4 in the thoracic and one in the lumbar spine. Every child with cervical calcification had an acute onset with pain and limited movement, and disappeared during the following months. The calcified discs in the thoracic and lumbar regions did not cause symptoms and did not change. Calcification of cervical discs is self-limiting and has an excellent prognosis.

Résumé

Nous présentons 12 dossiers de calcifications discales intervertebrales (CIV) chez 9 enfants. Sept cas étaient localisés à la région cervicales, 4 à la thoracique et 1 se situait à la région lombaire. Il y avait 7 garçons et 2 filles et l'âge au moment du diagnostique était compris entre 5 et 14 ans (moyenne: 8.6 ans). Deux fois, il y avait une atteinte de plus d'un seul niveau et un seul patient avait un antécédent de traumatisme. Tous les CIV cervicales ont eu un début aigu avec douleur et torticolis, qui ont disparu dans le courant des mois suivants. Les localisations lombaires et thoraciques sont toujours restées asymptomatiques. Les CIV de l'enfant sont des altérations d'évolution spontanément favorable, avec récupération complète.

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Ventura, N., Huguet, R., Salvador, A. et al. Intervertebral disc calcification in childhood. International Orthopaedics 19, 291–294 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00181112

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