Advertisement

GeoJournal

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 219–224 | Cite as

Colonisation of the Krakatau islands by invertebrates

  • New T. R. 
  • Thornton I. W. B. 
Article

Abstract

Arrival of invertebrates on the Krakatau islands, and the development of invertebrate assemblages there since 1883, are reviewed. Many data are imprecise, and difficulties of interpretation are outlined. A few well-known groups, such as butterflies, are used to suggest that much colonisation so far has been by relatively generalist species,and that the rate of addition of new species may become slower as the less vagile specialists characteristic of later successional vegetation may find natural colonisation harder. Studies of the assemblages developing in association with particular plant species are likely to be helpful in assessing future trends of invertebrate colonisation.

Keywords

Plant Species Environmental Management Future Trend Generalist Species Successional Vegetation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abe, T.: Colonisation of the Krakatau Island by termites (Insecta: Isoptera). Physiol. Ecol. 21, 63–88 (1984)Google Scholar
  2. Ashmole, M. J.; Ashmole, N. P.: Arthropod communities supported by biological fallout on recent lava flows in the Canary Islands. Ent. scand; Suppl. 32, 67–88 (1987)Google Scholar
  3. Bush, M. B.; Bush, D. J. B.; Evans, R. D.: Butterflies of Krakatau and Sebesi: new records and habitat relations. In: Whittaker, R. J.; Asquith, N. M.; Bush, M. B.; Partomihardjo, T. (eds.), pp. 35–41 Krakatau Research Project 1989 Expedition Report. School of Geography, University of Oxford, 1990.Google Scholar
  4. Bush, M. B.; Whittaker, R. J.: Krakatau: colonisation patterns and hierarchies. J. Biogeog. 18, 341–356 (1991)Google Scholar
  5. Compton, S. G.; Thornton, I. W. B.; New, T. R.; Underhill, L.: The colonisation of the krakatau Islands by fig wasps and other chalcids (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 322, 459–470 (1988)Google Scholar
  6. Dammerman, K. W.: The fauna of Krakatau 1883–1933. Verh. k. ned. Akad. Wet. (Tweede sectie) 44: 1–594 (1948)Google Scholar
  7. Howarth, F. G.: Neogeoaeolian habitats on new lava flows on Hawaii island: an ecosystem supported by windborne debris.Pacif. Insects. 20, 133–144 (1979)Google Scholar
  8. Leps, J.; Spitzer, K.: Ecological determinants of butterfly communities (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea) in the Tam Dao Mountains, Vietnam. Acta Entomol. Bohemoslov. 87, 182–194 (1990)Google Scholar
  9. Moors, P. K.; Atkinson, I. A. E.; Sherly, G. H.: Prohibited Immigrants. The rat threat to island conservation. WWF- New Zealand, 1989.Google Scholar
  10. Morgan, G. J.: Notes on terrestrial crabs (Decapoda: Anomura, Brachyura) of the Krakatau Islands, Indonesia. Indo-Malay. Zool. 5, 307–309 (1988)Google Scholar
  11. New, T. R.; Bush, M. B.; Thornton, I. W. B.; Sudarman, H. K.: The butterfly fauna of the Krakatau Islands after a century of colonisation. Phil Trans. R. Soc Lond. B 322, 445–457 (1988)Google Scholar
  12. Smith, B. J.; Djajasasmita, M.: The land molluscs of the Krakatau Islands, Indonesia. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 322, 379–400 (1988)Google Scholar
  13. Thornton, I. W. B.; New, T. R.: Krakatau invertebrates: the 1980s fauna in the context of a century of colonisation. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 322, 493–522 (1988 a)Google Scholar
  14. Thornton, I. W. B.; New, T. R.: Freshwater communities on the Krakatau Islands. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 322, 487–492 (1988 b)Google Scholar
  15. Thornton, I. W. B.; Rosengren, N. J.: Zoological expeditions to the Krakatau Islands, 1984 and 1985: general introduction. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 322, 427–443 (1988)Google Scholar
  16. Thornton, I. W. B.; New, T. R.; Zann, R. A.; Rawlinson, P. A.: Colonisation of the Krakatau Islands by animals: a perspective from the 1980s. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 322, 131–165 (1990)Google Scholar
  17. Tsukaguchi, S.; Yukawa, J.: Neuroptera collected from the Krakatau Islands, Indonesia. Kontyu 56, 481–490 (1988)Google Scholar
  18. van Tol, J.: Zoological expeditions to the Krakatau Islands, 1984 and 1985: Odonata. Tijds. v. Ent. 133, 273–279 (1990)Google Scholar
  19. Whittaker, R.; Bush, M. B.; Richards, K.; Partomihardjo, T.: The initiation of permanent vegetation plots on Krakatau. pp. 7–11. In: Whittaker, R.; Asquith, N. T.; Bush, M. B.; Partomihardjo, T. (eds.), Krakatau Research Project 1989 Expedition Report. School of Geography, University of Oxford, 1990.Google Scholar
  20. Winoto Suatmadji, R.; Coomans, A.; Rashid, F.; Gevaert, E.; McLaren, D. A.: Nematodes of the Krakatau archipelago, Indonesia: a preliminary overview. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 322, 369–478 (1988)Google Scholar
  21. Yukawa, J.: Geographical ecology of the butterfly fauna of the Krakatau Islands, Indonesia. Tyo to Ga 38, 47–74 (1984 a)Google Scholar
  22. Yukawa, J.: Fruit flies of the genus Dacus (Diptera: Tephritidae) on the Krakatau Islands in Indonesia, with special reference to an outbreak of Dacus albistriatus De Meijere. Jap. J. Ecol. 34, 281–288 (1984 b)Google Scholar
  23. Yukawa, J.: An outbreak of Crypticerya jacobsoni (Green) (Homoptera: Margarodidae) on Rakata Besar of the Krakatau Islands in Indonesia. Appl. Ent. Zool. 19, 175–180 (1984 c)Google Scholar
  24. Yukawa, J.; Yamane, S.: Odonata and Hemiptera collected from the Krakataus and surrounding islands, Indonesia. Kontyu 53, 690–698 (1985)Google Scholar
  25. zur Strassen, R.: Report on the Thysanoptera (Insecta) collected on the 1985 and 1986 Zoological Expeditions to the Krakataus. Mem. Mus. Vic. 53 (1992), in press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • New T. R. 
    • 1
  • Thornton I. W. B. 
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyLa Trobe UniversityVictoriaAustralia

Personalised recommendations