Anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of magnolol

Summary

Magnolol, isolated from Magnolia officinalis, inhibited mouse hind-paw edema induced by carrageenan, compound 4880, polymyxin B and reversed passive Arthus reaction. Acetic acid-induced writhing response was depressed by magnolol, indomethacin and ibuprofen. The lethality of endotoxin challenge was reduced by pretreatment with magnolol, indomethacin and BW755C, a dual cyclo-oxygenase/lipoxygenase inhibitor. The recovered myeloperoxidase activity in edematous paw was significantly decreased in mice pretreated with magnolol and BW755C. Suppression of edema was demonstrated not only in normal mice but also in adrenalectomized animals. Magnolol was less potent on reducing PGD2 formation in rat mast cell than that of indomethacin. Unlike dexamethasone, magnolol did not increase liver glycogen level. The results suggest that the anti-inflammatory effect of magnolol was neither mediated by glucocorticoid activity nor through releasing steroid hormones from adrenal gland. The action of magnolol is proposed to be dependent on reducing the level of eicosanoid mediators.

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Correspondence to J.-P. Wang at the above address

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Wang, J., Hsu, M., Raung, S. et al. Anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of magnolol. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Arch Pharmacol 346, 707–712 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00168746

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Key words

  • Mice paw edema
  • Magnolol
  • Eicosanoids
  • Analgesia
  • Endotoxic mortality