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Migration stock and the issue of competing and complementary flows in United States interstate migration

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to study the determinants of interstate migration in the United States from 1965–1970 when a new change in direction of migration has started, and to examine the flow creation or flow diversion that results from migration to some appealing regions. Several related variables have been selected and tested for gross interstate migration flows. The results show that overall both push and pull factors have not been important. People from higher income regions migrate more, and migrants tend to move to states with higher incomes and larger population. Distance was not found to act as a significant deterrence to migration, whereas population density of origin and destination was significant. Previous migration was found to have a very strong effect on migration. The results of the study also suggested that there has been a major change in the location of growth areas in the United States during 1955–1970.

The study of concurrent flow showed that the states of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida combined have positively influenced migratory flow between origin and destination states. Empirical results, however, also showed that California did not have flow creation or flow diversion effects on interstate migration.

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This research was supported partly through Organized Research Funds of The University of Texas at Arlington.

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Anjomani, A., Hariri, V. Migration stock and the issue of competing and complementary flows in United States interstate migration. J Popul Econ 5, 87–100 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00168269

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00168269

Keywords

  • Population Density
  • Empirical Result
  • High Income
  • Related Variable
  • Destination State