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Demographic change and social security

Some elements of a complex relationship

Abstract

This paper gives an overview over some central aspects of the highly complex topic, pointing out, e.g. the need for more longitudinal research in understanding effects of structural changes in demography and economy on social security. Starting from challenges by an ageing population for health and pension schemes it is briefly discussed whether changes in labour force participation or restructuring public expenditure can soften financing problems. Concerning reforms in pension schemes first changing retirement ages is briefly discussed and then some of the shortcomings in the debate on capital funding versus pay-as-you-go fincancing.

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Revised, updated and extended version of a lecture, given at the First Annual Congress of the European Society for Population Economics, Rotterdam, September 18, 1987. Revision and extension were inspired by two referees.

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Schmähl, W. Demographic change and social security. J Popul Econ 3, 159–177 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00163073

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Keywords

  • Structural Change
  • Labour Force
  • Ageing Population
  • Social Security
  • Labour Force Participation