Solar Physics

, Volume 129, Issue 1, pp 133–152 | Cite as

Filament eruption and storm radiation at meter-decameter wavelengths

  • M. R. Kundu
  • N. Gopalswamy


We report the study of a weak noise storm observed by the Clark Lake multifrequency radioheliograph at four frequencies. The noise storm onset was associated with a filament eruption and a gradual rise and fall in soft X-rays. We compare the noise storm emission with related emissions in other wavelengths to develop a composite scenario of the event. Using the properties of the quiet corona inferred from the simultaneously observed quiet-Sun radiation, we estimate the brightness temperature of the storm continuum, which seems to be consistent with the observations reported in Solar Geophysical Data. Superthermal particles with a temperature that is ten times the coronal electron temperature and a density of ∼ 10−3 times the coronal density are adequate to explain the observed radiation. Since the noise storm observations were made at four frequencies, we were able to obtain a brightness temperature spectrum of the storm radiation. If the storm radiation is affected in the same way as the quiet-Sun emission by inhomogeneities, the observed spectrum can be interpreted as due to propagation effects. Since the Clark Lake instrument can observe both quiet Sun and weak bursts simultaneously, we were able to estimate the propagation effects from the quiet-Sun observations and use it to correct the brightness temperature of storm radiation.


Brightness Temperature Filament Eruption Noise Storm Solar Geophysical Data Coronal Electron 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Kundu
    • 1
  • N. Gopalswamy
    • 1
  1. 1.Astronomy ProgramUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkU.S.A.

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