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Classification and management of hereditary retinal angiomas


Two distinct types of retinal angiomas are currently recognized. Capillary hemangiomas occur most characteristically as part of the von Hippel-Lindau syndrome. The retinal capillary hemangiomas typically appear as globular red-orange tumors with dilated and tortuous afferent arterioles and efferent venules. Cavernous hemangiomas typically appear as grape-like clusters of dilated vascular sacs without pronounced alteration in the adjacent arterioles and venules. The spectrum of clinical features of these two types of hemangiomatosis and current approaches to management of patients with these disorders is reviewed.

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Augsburger, J.J., Shields, J.A. & Goldberg, R.E. Classification and management of hereditary retinal angiomas. Int Ophthalmol 4, 93–106 (1981).

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  • angioma
  • hemangioma
  • photocoagulation
  • cryotherapy
  • diathermy