Landscape Ecology

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 133–142 | Cite as

Some general principles of landscape and regional ecology

  • Richard T. T. Forman


A dozen general principles of landscape and regional ecology are delineated to stimulate their evaluation, refinement, and usage. Brief background material and a few references provide entrées into the subjects. The principles are presented in four groups: landscapes and regions; patches and corridors; mosaics; and applications. Most appear useful in solving a wide range of environmental and societal land-use issues.


aggregate-with-outliers grain size indispensable pattern land mosaic landscape change landscape ecology metapopulation dynamics mosaic sequence patch-corridor-matrix patch shape principle regional ecology 


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Copyright information

© SPB Academic Publishing bv 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard T. T. Forman
    • 1
  1. 1.Harvard University, Graduate School of DesignCambridgeUSA

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