Skip to main content
Log in

The inheritance of the piebald spotting pattern and its variation in Holstein-Friesian cattle and in Landseer-Newfoundland dogs

  • Published:
Genetica Aims and scope Submit manuscript


The black and white spotting patterns of Landseer dogs are divided into qualitatively recognizable phenotypic classes. Breeding data were obtained from the Swiss Dog Stud Book (SHSB) and from breeders' recent records. A plausible interpretation assumed qualitative inheritance of the generally accepted piebald spotting genes p 1 with at least two modifiers,s 2 ands 3. The modifier genes are regarded as minor spotting genes and may be responsible for white markings in the related Newfoundland breed which has been cross-bred with Landseers.

The proposed scheme of polygenic inheritance can also be applied to the piebald spotting pattern of Holstein-Friesian cattle, using breeding data from literature.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others


  • Allan, G. M., 1914. Pattern development in mammals and birds. Am. Nat. 48: 387.

    Google Scholar 

  • Castle, W. E., 1951. Variation in the hooded pattern of rats and a new allele of hooded. Genetics 36: 254–266.

    Google Scholar 

  • Curtis, M. R. & Dunning, W. F., 1937. Two independent mutations of the hooded or piebald gene of the rat. J. Hered. 28, 382–390.

    Google Scholar 

  • Comberg, G., Sponer, G., Feder, H., Aschermann, G., Plischke, R. & Wegner, W., 1972. Einige qualitative und quantitative Eigenschaften und ihre Beziehungen zueinander in Populationen Deutscher Schwarzbunter Rinder. Z. Tierzüchtg. Züchtbiol. 89: 109–122.

    Google Scholar 

  • Dunn, L. C. & Charles, D. R., 1937. Studies on spotting patterns, I. Analysis of quantitative variations in the pied spotting of the House Mouse. Genetics 22: 14–42.

    Google Scholar 

  • Dunn, L. C., Webb, H. F. & Schneider, M., 1923. The inheritance of degrees of spotting in Holstein Cattle. J. Hered. 14: 229–240.

    Google Scholar 

  • Funkquist, H., 1927. Vererbung ‘weißer Abzeichen’ am Kopf bei schwarzbuntem schwedischem Niederungsvieh. Hereditas 9: 289–302.

    Google Scholar 

  • Funkquist, H. & Boman, N., 1923. Vererbung ‘weißer Abzeichen’ bei Rindern. Hereditas 4: 65–80.

    Google Scholar 

  • Green, M. C., 1975. The laboratory Mouse, Mus musculus. In: Handbook of Genetics, R. C. King (Ed), Bd. 4, 203–241, New York.

  • Hollander, W. F., 1983. Origins and Excursions in Pigeon Genetics. The Ink Spot, Burrton, Kansas.

    Google Scholar 

  • Koziol, J. A. & Perlman, M. D., 1978. Combining independent chi-squared tests. J. Amer. Statist. Ass. 73: 753–763.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lauprecht, E., 1926a. Über die Scheckung des schwarzbunten Niederungsrindes und ihre Vererbung. Z. indukt. Abstamm.- Vererb. Lehre 40: 139–196.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lauprecht, E., 1926b. Über die Zeichnung des schwarzbunten Niederungsrindes. Züchtungskunde 1: 309–331.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lauvergne, J. J., 1966. Génétique de la couleur du pelage des bovins domestiques (Bos taurus, Linné). Bibliogr. genet. 20: 1–68.

    Google Scholar 

  • Little, C. C., 1957. The Inheritance of Coat Color in Dogs.-New York.

  • Little, C. C., 1958. Coat color genes in rodents and carnivores. Rev. Biol. 33: 103–137.

    Google Scholar 

  • Little, C. C., 1976. The Inheritance of Coat Color in Dogs. 6th Ed. Howell, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pape, H., 1983. Revision des Erbfaktorenschemas für die aus Loh und Schwarz zusammengesetzte Grundfärbung bei Hunden sowie Aufdeckung paralleler Verhältnisse bei Kaninchen. Z. Tierzüchtg. Züchtbiol. 100: 252–265.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pfähler, R., 1931. Untersuchungen über die Vererbung der Scheckung und Farbe beim Höhenfleckvieh. Z. indukt. Abstamm. Vererb.Lehre 58: 177–221.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rawles, M. E., 1940. The development of melanophores from embryonic mouse tissues grown in the coelom of chick embryos. Proc. natn. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 26.693.

  • Rawles, M. E., 1947. Origin of pigment cells from the neural crest in the mouse embryo. Physiol. Zool. 20, 248.

    Google Scholar 

  • Robinson, R., 1975. The Golden Hamster, Mesocricetus auratus. In: Handbook of Genetics, R. C. King (Ed.), Bd. 4, 261–274, New York.

  • Robinson, R., 1958. Genetic studies on the rabbit. Bibliogr. genet. 17: 229–558.

    Google Scholar 

  • Shaible, R. H., 1963. Development Genetics of Spotting Patterns in the Mouse. Ph.D. Thesis, Iowa State Univ., Ames, Iowa.

  • Wegner, W., 1979. Kleine Kynologie.-Konstanz.

  • Wiesch, A., 1929. Vererbung der Scheckzeichnung und korrelative Beziehung der Färbung bei Rindern. Kühn Archiv 22: 347–397.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wright, S. & Chase, H. B., 1936. On the genetics of the spotted pattern of the guinea pig. Genetics 21: 758–787.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Pape, H. The inheritance of the piebald spotting pattern and its variation in Holstein-Friesian cattle and in Landseer-Newfoundland dogs. Genetica 80, 115–128 (1990).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: