, Volume 84, Issue 1, pp 5–11 | Cite as

From genes to phenotype: dynamical systems and evolvability

  • P. Alberch


Dynamical System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Agur, Z. & Kerszberg, M., 1987. The emergence of phenotypic novelties through progressive genetic change. Am. Nat. 129: 862–875.Google Scholar
  2. Alberch, P., 1982. Developmental constraints in evolutionary processes, pp. 313–332 in Development and evolution, edited by J. T.Bonner. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar
  3. Alberch, P., 1989. The logic of monsters: Evidence for internal constraint in development and evolution. Geobios. mém. spéc. 12: 21–57.Google Scholar
  4. Alberch, P. & Gale, E., 1985. A developmental analysis of an evolutionary trend: Digital reduction in amphibians. Evol. 39: 8–23.Google Scholar
  5. Arnold, S. J., Alberch, P., Csanyi, V., Dawkins, R. C., Emerson, S. B., Fritzch, B., Horder, T. J., Maynard Smith, J., Starck, M. J., Vrba, E. S., Wagners, S. P. & Wake, D. B., 1989. How do complex organisms evolve? In: Complex organismal functions: Integration and evolution in vertebrates, pp. 403–433. D. B.Wake and G.Roth (eds.). J. Wiley & Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  6. Buss, L. W., 1987. The evolution of individuality. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.Google Scholar
  7. Cheverud, J. M., 1984. Quantitative genetics and developmental constraints on evolution by selection. J. Theor. Biol. 110: 155–171.Google Scholar
  8. Dawkins, R., 1985. The evolution of evolvability. In: Proceedings First Los Alamos Conference on Artificial Life. C. Langton (ed.). Los Alamos, CA.Google Scholar
  9. Edelman G. M., Expression of cell adhesion molecules during embryogenesis and regulation. Expl. Cell Res. 16: 1–16.Google Scholar
  10. Gallin, W. J., Chuong, C. M., Finkel, L. H. & Edelman, G. M., 1986. Antibodies to L-CAM perturb inductive interactions and alter feather pattern and structure. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 83: 8235–8239.Google Scholar
  11. Gould, S. J., 1989. Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the nature of history. W. W. Norton & Co., New York, NY.Google Scholar
  12. Mayr, E. & Provine, W. B., 1980. The evolutionary synthesis: Perspectives on the unification of biology. Harvard University Press. Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  13. Meinhardt, H., 1982. Models of biological pattern formation. Academic Press, London, UK.Google Scholar
  14. Meinhardt, H., 1984. Models for pattern formation during development in higher organisms. In: Pattern formation. G. M.Malacinski and S. V.Bryant (eds.). MacMillan Publ. Co., New York, NY.Google Scholar
  15. Meinhardt, H., 1986. Hierarchical inductions of cell states. A model for segmentation. In: Drosophila. J. Cell Sci. Supp. 4: 357–381.Google Scholar
  16. Murray, J. D., 1981. Prepattern formation mechanism for animal coat patterns. J. Theoret. Biol. 88: 161–199.Google Scholar
  17. McKinney, M.L. 1988. Heterochrony in evolution. Plenum Press, New York, N.Y.Google Scholar
  18. Oster, G. & Alberch, P., 1982. Evolution and bifurcation of development programs. Evol. 36: 444–459.Google Scholar
  19. Oster, G., Shubin, N., Murray, J. D. & Alberch, P., 1988. Evolution and morphogenetic rules: The shape of the vertebrate limb in ontogeny and phylogeny. Evol. 42: 862–884.Google Scholar
  20. Provine, W. B., 1971. The origins of theoretical population genetics. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.Google Scholar
  21. Sapp, J., 1983. The struggle for authority in the field of heredity, 1900–1932: New perspectives on the rise of genetics. J. History Biol. 16: 311–342.Google Scholar
  22. Sober, E. & Lewontin, R. C., 1982. Artifact, cause and genic selection. Phil. Sci. 49: 157–180.Google Scholar
  23. Turing, A. M., 1952. The chemical basis of morphogenesis. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B 237: 37–72.Google Scholar
  24. Waddington, W. C., 1957. The strategy of the genes. Allen and Unwin, London, UK.Google Scholar
  25. Wimsatt, W. C., 1980. Reductionist research strategies and their biases in the units of selection controversy. In: Scientific discovery. T.Nickles (ed.). D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  26. Wolpert, L., 1990. The evolution of development. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. (In press).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Alberch
    • 1
  1. 1.Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (CSIC)MadridSpain

Personalised recommendations