Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 43, Issue 5, pp 385–393 | Cite as

The barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) of Sardinia, Italy

  • Giovanna Attene
  • Salvatore Ceccarelli
  • Roberto Papa
Regular Research Papers

Abstract

Since ancient times, barley has been an important food resource for the people of Sardinia. The oldest traces of its cultivation are from the mid-Neolithic (fourth millennium B.C.). Archaeological, historical and anthropological aspects of barley cultivated in Sardinia are discussed in this paper. We describe the traditional process for making barley bread (orgiathu) in Sardinia, where a special starter called ghimisone was prepared. Today, barley is cultivated only as animal feed, with two uses, grain yield and grazing. Many farmers prefer to grow local populations belonging to landrace locally known as “S' orgiu sardu”. Local Sardinian populations of barley evolved in diverse environments, being cultivated from sea-level up to 1000 m elevation, on various soil types at different intensities of abiotic stresses, and with climates and environments associated with various agricultural practices, depending both on production strategies and climatic conditions. These barley materials are thought to be valuable genetic and cultural inheritance which must be preserved and used for both productive and research purposes.

Key words

H. vulgare barley landraces germplasm biodiversity 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giovanna Attene
    • 1
  • Salvatore Ceccarelli
    • 2
  • Roberto Papa
    • 3
  1. 1.Instituto di Agronomia generale e Coltivazioni erbaceeUniversità degli Studi di SassariSassariItaly
  2. 2.International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)AleppoSyria
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Biotecnologie Agrarie ed AmbientaliUniversità degli Studi di AnconaAnconaItaly

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