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Ethology and the development of sex and gender identity in non-human primates

Abstract

The current view that behaviour which is manifest in non-human primates forms a baseline for human behaviours is examined with special reference to the development of gender determination. A review of 21 non-human primate societies suggests that the behaviour of the sexes relates to assumption and occupation of societal roles defined by the local group. The significance of these findings for the human condition is discussed.

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A version of this paper was read at the Symposium on Sexual Identity and Sexual Preference at the Clarke Institute of Psychiatry, Toronto, October 24, 1975.

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Burton, F.D. Ethology and the development of sex and gender identity in non-human primates. Acta Biotheor 26, 1–18 (1977). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00115923

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00115923

Keywords

  • Special Reference
  • Human Behaviour
  • Gender Identity
  • Human Condition
  • Local Group