Acta Biotheoretica

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 1–18

Ethology and the development of sex and gender identity in non-human primates

  • Frances D. Burton

DOI: 10.1007/BF00115923

Cite this article as:
Burton, F.D. Acta Biotheor (1977) 26: 1. doi:10.1007/BF00115923


The current view that behaviour which is manifest in non-human primates forms a baseline for human behaviours is examined with special reference to the development of gender determination. A review of 21 non-human primate societies suggests that the behaviour of the sexes relates to assumption and occupation of societal roles defined by the local group. The significance of these findings for the human condition is discussed.

Copyright information

© Leiden University Press/Dr. W. Junk b.v 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frances D. Burton
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anthropology, Scarborough CollegeUniversity of TorontoWest Hill

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