Skip to main content

Crocodile farming and conservation, the example of Zimbabwe

Crocodile farming is an important and lucrative activity in Zimbabwe which provides meat for human consumption and skins for the luxury leather industry. Because it gives an economic value to this otherwise unfriendly animal, farming crocodiles has a positive side effect on the conservation of this species in the wild. This paper gives an overview of the crocodile industry in Zimbabwe.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  • Blake, D.K. (1974) The rearing of crocodiles for commercial and conservation purposes in Rhodesia. Rhodesia Sci. News. 8, 315–24.

    Google Scholar 

  • Child, G.F.T. (1987) The management of crocodiles in Zimbabwe. In Wildlife management: crocodiles and alligators (G., Webb, S., Manolis, and P., Whitehead, eds) pp. 49–62. Chipping Norton, Australia, Beatty & Sons.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cott, H.B. (1961) Scientific results of an enquiry into the ecology and economic status of the Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) in Uganda and Northern Rhodesia. Trans. Zool. Soc. London. 29, 211–356.

    Google Scholar 

  • Craig, G.C. (1992) A population model for the Nile Crocodile with an analysis of sustainable harvesting strategies. In Crocodiles, proceedings of the 11th working meeting of the crocodile specialist group of the species survival commission of the IUCN, vol. 1, pp. 78–81. Zimbabwe: SSC/IUCN; Gland: The World Conservation Union.

    Google Scholar 

  • Foggin, C.M. (1987) Diseases and disease control on crocodile farms in Zimbabwe. In Wildlife management: crocodiles and alligators. (G., Webb, S., Manolis and P., Whitehead, eds.) pp. 351–62. Chipping Norton, Australia, Beatty & Sons.

    Google Scholar 

  • Foggin, C.M. (1992) Disease trends on crocodile farms in Zimbabwe. In Crocodiles, proceedings of the 11th working meeting of the crocodile specialist group of the species survival commission of the IUCN, SSC/IUCN, Zimbabwe. Vol. 1, pp. 107–10. Gland: The World Conservation Union.

    Google Scholar 

  • Foggin, C. (1994) Veterinary inputs into the ostrich and crocodile industry of Zimbabwe: an essential part of their development. Unpublished presentation at the seminar ‘Capture, translocation and disease: wildlife management towards the year 2000’. Harare, February 1994.

  • Fritz, H., Daniel, P., Chardonnet, P., Planton, H. and Feer, F. (1992) Elevages intensifs. In Faune sauvage africaine, la ressource oubliée, (P., Chardonnet, ed.) pp. 316–66. Paris: Fondation internationale pour la sauvegarde du gibier (IGF).

    Google Scholar 

  • Games, I. (1990) The feeding ecology of two Nile crocodile populations in the Zambezi valley, Phd Thesis, Faculty of Sciences, University of Zimbabwe.

  • Hutton, J.M. (1984) Population ecology of the Nile crocodile Crocodylus niloticus Laurenti, 1768, at Ngezi, Zimbabwe. D Phil Thesis, University of Zimbabwe.

  • Hutton, J.M. and Webb, G.J.M. (1990) An introduction to the farming of crocodilians, workshop IUCN/SSC. Gainsville, FA: Crocodile Specialist Group.

    Google Scholar 

  • Madsen, M. and Chambers, P. (1991) Bacterial contamination and public health significance in farmed crocodile meat production. In Proceedings for the annual conference of the Zimbabwe Veterinary Association. Bulawayo, Zimbabwian Veterinary Association.

    Google Scholar 

  • Newcomer, C.E., Anver, M.R., Simmons, J.L., Wilke, B.W. and Nace, G.W. (1982) Spontaneous and experimental infections of Xenopus laevis with Chlamydia psittaci. Lab. An. Sci., 32, 860–2.

    Google Scholar 

  • Obwolo, M.J. and Zwart, P. (1993) Prevalence of Salmonella in the intestinal tract of farm-reared crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus) in Zimbabwe. J. Zoo and Wildlife Med 24, 175–6.

    Google Scholar 

  • Simon, N. (1993) The Guinness guide to nature in danger. London: Guinness Publishing Ltd.

    Google Scholar 

  • Taylor, R.D., Blake, D.K. and Loveridge, J.P. (1992) Crocodile numbers on lake Kariba, Zimbabwe, and factors influencing them. In Crocodiles, proceedings of the 11th working meeting of the crocodile specialist group of the species survival commission of the IUCN, SSC/IUCN, Zimbabwe. Vol. 2 pp. 163–75. Gland: The World Conservation Union.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Revol, B. Crocodile farming and conservation, the example of Zimbabwe. Biodivers Conserv 4, 299–305 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00055975

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00055975

Key words

  • crocodile farming
  • wildlife utilization
  • conservation