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Biodiversity & Conservation

, Volume 5, Issue 8, pp 999–1013 | Cite as

What generates the diversity of Wolbachia—arthropod interactions?

  • Thierry Rigaud
  • François Rousset
Papers

Wolbachia are strictly endocellular, vertically transmitted bacteria associated with insects and crustaceans. This group of parasites modify their hosts' reproduction so as to increase their own fitness. This paper reviews the variability of these parasitic alterations and their consequences for host biology and populations. Wolbachia induce cytoplasmic incompatibility (a characteristic apparently specific to Wolbachia) in several insects and one isopod crustacean; parthenogenesis (thelytoky) in haplo-diploid insects; feminization in various isopods. The consequences of these phenomena on speciation, population dynamics and genetic polymorphism are discussed. The variability of the mechanisms of host sex determination is one important factor responsible for the diversity of Wolbachia-host interactions. However, parasite characteristics, such as the capacity to disturb host mitosis, and the ability to be horizontally transferred between hosts, also appear to play a role in this diversity.

Keywords

cytoplasmic incompatibility parthenogenesis feminization parasitic interactions genetic variability 

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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thierry Rigaud
    • 1
  • François Rousset
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Biologie Animale, URA CNRS 1975Université de PoitiersPoitiers CedexFrance
  2. 2.I.S.E.M., URA CNRS 327 ‘Génétique et Environnement’, CC 065Université de Montpellier 2Montpellier Cedex 05France

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